Vlissingen

/vlis"ing euhn/, n.
Dutch name of Flushing.

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Seaport city (pop., 2001 est.: 44,776), southwestern Netherlands.

As a medieval trading town, its importance lay in its position controlling the approach to Antwerp. In 1572 it was the first Netherlands town to rebel against Spanish rule. It was turned into a naval base by Napoleon during the French occupation (1795–1814). The city was heavily damaged during World War II, when the area was flooded in 1944 by the Allies to clear the way to Antwerp. Since rebuilt, it is now a commercial port, fishing harbour, seaside resort, and naval base.

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▪ The Netherlands

      gemeente (municipality), southwestern Netherlands (Netherlands, The). It is situated on the southern coast of Walcheren Island, at the mouth of the western Schelde (Scheldt) estuary. A medieval trading town with emphasis on herring fishing, its importance lay in its position controlling the approach to Antwerp. Fortified by Charles V, it was the first town to rebel against Spanish rule in 1572 and became the headquarters of the insurgents' navy (the Sea Beggars). It was held by England from 1585 to 1616 as a “security town” under an agreement to assist the Dutch. It was turned into a naval base by Napoleon during the French occupation (1795–1814). A period of prosperity after the independence of The Netherlands was followed in the 19th century by a decline from which Vlissingen did not recover until the establishment of a shipbuilding yard in 1875. The town was heavily damaged in 1944 when Walcheren and other islands were flooded by the British army in World War II to clear the way to Antwerp, and it was again damaged by natural floods in 1953. Since rebuilt, it is now an important commercial port, fishing harbour, and seaside resort and also a naval base. Vlissingen's industries include shipbuilding, engineering, oil refining, and the manufacture of machinery.

      Historic landmarks include the Church of St. James (1308; rebuilt after a fire in 1911), the Prisoners' Tower (1563), the old exchange (1672), the town hall (1733), and part of an old city gate. The municipal museum has a collection relating to Admiral Michiel Adriaanzoon de Ruyter (De Ruyter, Michiel Adriaanszoon), a native of Vlissingen. Pop. (2007 est.) 45,023.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vlissingen —   [ vlɪsɪȖə], Stadt in der Provinz Seeland, Niederlande, an der Südküste von Walcheren, an der Mündung der Westerschelde (Seeschifffahrtsweg nach Antwerpen), 44 500 Einwohner; Schelde Lotsendienst; Höhere Seefahrtschule, Technische Bibliothek …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vlissingen — (franz. Flessingue, engl. Flushing), Stadt in der niederländ. Provinz Zeeland, an der Mündung der Westerschelde, auf der Südküste der Insel Walcheren, an der Staatsbahnlinie Rosendaal V., hat mehrere Kirchen (darunter die große St. Jakobskirche… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vlissingen — (Vliessingen), Hafenstadt in der niederländ. Prov. Seeland, auf der Insel Walcheren, an der Mündung der Westerschelde, (1899) 18.896 E., Überfahrt nach England. [Karte: Niederlande etc. I, 3.] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vlissingen — Gemeinde Vlissingen Flagge Wappen Provinz Zeeland Bürgermeist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vlissingen — Flessingue Flessingue …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vlissingen — Original name in latin Vlissingen Name in other language Flesinga, Flessinga, Flessingue, Flissingen, Flushing, Vlisingen, Vlissienge, Vlissinge, Vlissingen, flsnkn, fu li xin en, peullising eon, Влиссинген, Флиссинген State code NL… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vlissingen — Sp Vlisingenas Ap Vlissingen L Nyderlandai …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Vlissingen — Sp Vlisingenas Ap Vlissingen L Olandija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Vlissingen — or Flushing geographical name city & port SW Netherlands in Zeeland population 43,913 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Vlissingen — ► C. del SO de los Países Bajos, prov. de Zelanda, en la costa S de la isla de Walcheren; 43 949 h. * * * Ciudad portuaria marítima (pob., est. 2001: 44.776 hab.) en el sudoeste de los Países Bajos. Durante la Edad Media adquirió importancia como …   Enciclopedia Universal

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