/vee'vi keuh nun"deuh/, n. (Narendranath Datta)1863-1902, Hindu religious leader and teacher.
* * *orig. Narendranath Dattaborn Jan. 12, 1863, Calcuttadied July 4, 1902, CalcuttaHindu spiritual leader and reformer.He received a Western education. He later joined the Brahmo Samaj and became the most notable disciple of Ramakrishna. By stressing the universal and humanistic aspects of the Veda and emphasizing service over dogma, he attempted to infuse vigour into Hinduism. He was a motivating force behind the Vedānta movement in the U.S. and England, lecturing and proselytizing in both countries. In 1897 he founded the Ramakrishna Mission, which carries out extensive educational and philanthropic work in India and expounds Vedānta in Western countries.
* * *▪ Hindu leaderoriginal name Narendranath Datta, Datta also spelled Duttborn Jan. 12, 1863, Calcuttadied July 4, 1902, CalcuttaHindu spiritual leader and reformer who attempted to combine Indian spirituality with Western material progress, maintaining that the two supplemented and complemented one another. His Absolute was man's own higher self; to labour for the benefit of mankind was the noblest endeavour.Born into an upper-middle-class Kāyastha family in Bengal, he was educated at a Western-style university where he was exposed to Western philosophy, Christianity, and science. Social reform was given a prominent place in Vivekananda's thought, and he joined the Brahmo Samaj (Society of Brahmā), dedicated to eliminating child marriage and illiteracy and determined to spread education among women and the lower castes. He later became the most notable disciple of Ramakrishna, who demonstrated the essential unity of all religions. Always stressing the universal and humanistic side of the Vedas as well as belief in service rather than dogma, Vivekananda attempted to infuse vigour into Hindu thought, placing less emphasis on the prevailing pacifism and presenting Hindu spirituality to the West. He was an activating force behind the Vedānta (interpretation of the Upaniṣads) movement in the United States and England. In 1893 he appeared in Chicago as a spokesman for Hinduism at the World's Parliament of Religions and so captivated the assembly that a newspaper account described him as “an orator by divine right and undoubtedly the greatest figure at the Parliament.” Thereafter he lectured throughout the United States and England, making converts to the Vedānta movement.On his return to India with a small group of Western disciples in 1897, Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission (q.v.) at the monastery of Belur Math on the Ganges River near Calcutta. Self-perfection and service were his ideals, and the order continued to stress them. He adapted and made relevant to the 20th century the very highest ideals of the Vedāntic religion, and although he lived only two years into that century he left the mark of his personality on East and West alike.
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Vivekananda — Swami Vivekananda (bengali: বিবেকানন্দ, Bibekānanda, * 12. Januar 1863 in Kolkata; † 4. Juli 1902 in Haora; bürgerlicher Name: Narendranath Datta) war ein hinduistischer Mönch und Gelehrter. Vivekananda sprach als er … Deutsch Wikipedia
Vivekânanda — Vivekananda Vivekananda Photo portrait prise à Chicago (1893) Naissance: 12 janvier 1863 Calcutta (Inde) Décès: 4 ju … Wikipédia en Français
VIVEKÁNANDA — Maître spirituel hindou, Vivékânanda (Vivek nanda) se donna pour tâche de développer l’enseignement de son maître Râmakrishna (R mak リルユa) et de le diffuser en Inde et à l’étranger. Sur son initiative, les disciples anciens et nouveaux se… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Vivekananda — [v ], eigentlich Narendranath Dattạ, indischer hinduistischer Mönch, * Kalkutta 12. 1. 1863, ✝ Belur Math (bei Kalkutta) 4. 7. 1902; bedeutendster Schüler Ramakrishnas; wurde über die Gründung der Ramakrishna Mission (1897) zum eigentlichen… … Universal-Lexikon
Vivekananda — Swâmi Vivekananda Philosophe oriental hindou Raj britannique Photo portrait prise à Chi … Wikipédia en Français
Vivekananda — Místico indio (1863 1902), vocero de la escuela de Advaita Vedanta y fundador de la Ramakrishna Mission en 1887. Aventajado discípulo del gran místico Ramakrishna durante seis años, Vivekananda viajó a Chicago en 1893 para participar del Congreso … Enciclopedia Universal
Vivekananda — /vee vi keuh nun deuh/, n. (Narendranath Datta) 1863 1902, Hindu religious leader and teacher … Useful english dictionary
Vivekananda Kendra — is a Hindu spiritual organisation based on the principles preached by Swami Vivekananda. It was founded 7 January 1972 in Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India by Shri Ekanathji Ranade. Its current president is P. Parameswaran.phere of influenceThe… … Wikipedia
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