Victor Emmanuel III
1869-1947, king of Italy 1900-46.
* * *Italian Vittorio Emanueleborn Nov. 11, 1869, Naples, Italydied Dec. 28, 1947, Alexandria, EgyptKing of Italy (1900–46).Son of Umberto I, he came suddenly to the throne on his father's assassination (1900). He accepted a Liberal cabinet and readily agreed to Italy's war against Turkey (1911–12) and entry into World War I. After the war, he failed to prevent the rise of Benito Mussolini and the fascist seizure of power, which turned him into a figurehead sovereign. In 1943, after disastrous Italian military losses and the Allied invasion of Sicily, he had Mussolini arrested and replaced by Pietro Badoglio as premier. In 1944 he relinquished power to his son Umberto and, in an unsuccessful attempt to preserve the monarchy, abdicated in Umberto's favour in 1946 (see Umberto II). When the Italian republic was declared in 1946, father and son went into exile.
* * *▪ king of Italyborn Nov. 11, 1869, Naplesdied Dec. 28, 1947, Alexandriaking of Italy whose reign brought the end of the Italian monarchy.After a mainly military education, he came suddenly to the throne in 1900 on the assassination of his father, King Umberto I. A tractable constitutional monarch, he accepted a Liberal cabinet and readily acquiesced in Italy's war against Turkey in 1911 and entrance into World War I in 1915.When the strains put on the parliamentary system by the war brought Mussolini to the fore, Victor Emmanuel failed to prevent the Fascist seizure of power, though it apparently lay in his hands to do so merely by signing the decree of martial law proposed by the cabinet. He was quickly reduced to a figurehead or less by the Mussolini dictatorship, but in 1943, following disastrous Italian military reverses in World War II, capped by the Allied invasion of Sicily, Victor Emmanuel surprised the world by having Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito) arrested and installing Marshal Pietro Badoglio as premier. The move failed to extricate Italy from the war or the King from his difficult position, and finally, on June 5, 1944, the day after the Allied liberation of Rome, he named his son Crown Prince Umberto lieutenant general of the realm, relinquishing all power for himself but retaining his title of king.In 1946 public opinion forced a plebiscite to decide between the monarchy and a republican form of government. In an effort to influence the vote in favour of the dynasty, Victor Emmanuel abdicated in favour of Umberto (May 9, 1946), but the plebiscite resulted in a victory for the republic, and both Victor Emmanuel and Umberto went into exile.
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Victor-Emmanuel III — d Italie Victor Emmanuel III Roi d Italie … Wikipédia en Français
VICTOR-EMMANUEL III — (1869 1947) roi d’Italie (1900 1946) empereur d’Éthiopie (1936 1943) et roi d’Albanie (1939 1943) Troisième souverain de la monarchie unitaire. Le règne de Victor Emmanuel sera le plus long, le plus chargé d’événements dramatique de l’Italie… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Victor Emmanuel III — Vittorio Emanuele III (1869–1947). Born in Naplesin November 1869, Victor Emmanuel III was the son of Humbert I and Margherita di Savoia (Margaret of Savoy). Despite his minimal stature (he was barely five feet tall), his education was… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Victor Emmanuel III — (1869–1947) King of Italy from 1900–1947, Victor Emmanuel III of Savoy came to the throne in July 1900 at the age of 29 after his father, Umberto I, was assassinated by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci. The ascension of this young prince occurred… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Victor Emmanuel III — biographical name 1869 1947 king of Italy (1900 46) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Victor Emmanuel III — /vɪktər əˈmænjuəl/ (say viktuhr uh manyoohuhl) noun 1869–1947, king of Italy 1900–46 … Australian English dictionary
Victor Emmanuel III — 1869 1947, king of Italy 1900 46 … Useful english dictionary
Victor-Emmanuel III d'Italie — Victor Emmanuel III Victor Emmanuel III, roi d Italie Titre Roi d Italie … Wikipédia en Français
Victor-Emmanuel III de Savoie — Victor Emmanuel III d Italie Victor Emmanuel III Roi d Italie … Wikipédia en Français
Victor-Emmanuel III d’Italie — Victor Emmanuel III d Italie Victor Emmanuel III Roi d Italie … Wikipédia en Français