Verdun

/ver dun", verr-/; Fr. /verdd dueonn"/, n.
1. a fortress city in NE France, on the Meuse River. A German offensive was stopped here in 1916 in the bloodiest fighting of World War I. 26,927.
2. a city in S Quebec, in SE Canada. 68,013.

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(as used in expressions)
Verdun Battle of
Verdun Treaty of

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France
      town, Meuse département, Lorraine région, northeastern France, on the Meuse River. Most of the town is on the left bank, near the Citadel. Practically destroyed in World War I, it was rebuilt with wide streets. A cathedral, dating from the 11th century and rising on the highest point of the town, has been restored.

      Verdun was a Gallic fortress before Roman times. It was there in 843 that three grandsons of Charlemagne divided his empire in the Treaty of Verdun (Verdun, Treaty of). Conquered by German invaders in the 10th century, it was later linked with Metz and Toul to form the Trois-Évêchés (Three Bishoprics) territory. In 1552 the French king Henry II took over the three bishoprics, and France's ownership was confirmed in 1648 by the Peace of Westphalia (Westphalia, Peace of). In 1792 Verdun was besieged by the Prussians and yielded only a few weeks before the French victory at Valmy. The Prussians captured it again in 1870 and held it until 1873. With the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to the German Empire in 1871, the German frontier was fixed barely 30 miles (50 km) away. In response, France heavily fortified the hills around Verdun to counterbalance the German stronghold of Metz.

      In World War I this “great advanced citadel of France” became, in Winston Churchill's phrase, “the anvil upon which French manhood was to be hammered to death.” The ring of fortresses around Verdun, forming one of the main barriers on the road to Paris from the east, was the primary objective of the great German offensive of 1916. The long battle (Verdun, Battle of) fought in the surrounding countryside is commemorated by numerous monuments, of which the most remarkable are the Ossuaire de Douaumont and the Monument de la Victoire. There are more than 70 cemeteries (Allied and German) in the area, and war museums are in the Citadel and in the restored 17th-century Hôtel de Ville. The Verdun battlefields are still much visited. During World War II in September 1944 it was heavily bombed by the Germans after its liberation by American forces.

      Modern-day Verdun is an administrative and commercial centre that serves a largely rural region. Industrial development has been limited but includes food processing, printing, and the manufacture of electronics. Pop. (1999) 19,624; (2005 est.) 19,300.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Verdun —     Diocese of Verdun     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Diocese of Verdun     (VIRODUNENSIS.)     Comprises the Department of the Meuse. Suppressed by the Concordat of 1802, and subsequently united to the Diocese of Nancy, Verdun was re established… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Verdun — Verdun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Verdun —   [vɛr dœ̃], Name von geographischen Objekten:    1) Verdun [englisch və dʌn], Wohnvorstadt südlich von Montreal, Kanada, 61 300 Einwohner.    2) Verdun sur Meuse [ syr møːz], Stadt im Département Meuse, Frankreich, an den Maashöhen in Lothringen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Verdún — es el nombre de varios lugares en Francia: 1. Verdún, ciudad en el departamento de Mosa, sitio de la Batalla de Verdún durante la Primera Guerra Mundial. 2. Verdún, ciudad en el departamento de Ariège. Tratado de Verdún * * * Verdún, Tratado de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Verdun — (spr. werdöng), 1) (V. sur Meuse) Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Maas, 205 m ü. M. an der Maas gelegen, Knotenpunkt der Ostbahn und Festung ersten Ranges, besteht aus der von der Zitadelle beherrschten Altstadt mit winkligen Straßen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Verdun — (traité de) traité signé en 843 entre les trois fils de Louis le Pieux, qui se partagèrent l Empire carolingien. Louis reçut les pays de langue germanique, à l E. du Rhin; Charles le Chauve, les contrées de langue romane à l O. de l Escaut, de la …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • VERDUN — VERDUN, town in the department of Meuse, E. France. During the ninth and tenth centuries it was a stronghold and a station on the trading route of slaves captured in Germany or England and who were sold in Spain. According to Christian sources,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Verdun — (Dutch, French, German, Romanian), Verdún (Spanish), Wirten (old German) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Verdun — (izg. verdȇn) m DEFINICIJA grad u SI Francuskoj, o. 25.000 stan.; galska utvrda u predrimsko doba (ant. Verodunum) mjesto u kojem je podijeljeno franačko carstvo (843) i poprište najkrvavije bitke u 1. svjetskom ratu: tijekom 7 mjeseci 1916.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Verdun — (spr. Werdöng), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Maas; 27,25 QM., sieben Cantone, 85,500 Ew.; 2) V. sur Meuse, Hauptstadt desselben an der Maas, Festung mit starker Citadelle; Handelsgericht, 9 Kirchen, 3 Hospitäler, fertigt Leder,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Verdun — (spr. wärrdöng), deutsch Virten, Stadt und starke Festung im franz. Dep. Meuse, an der Maas, (1901) 21.360 E.; Umfang der Befestigung (11 Werke) 48 km. V. war im Mittelalter deutsche Reichsstadt, wurde 1552 von Frankreich in Besitz genommen, 1648 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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