Valley Forge

a village in SE Pennsylvania: winter quarters of Washington's army 1777-78.

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▪ historical area, United States
      in the American Revolution, Pennsylvania encampment grounds of the Continental Army under General George Washington (Washington, George) from December 19, 1777, to June 19, 1778, a period that marked the triumph of morale and military discipline over severe hardship. Following the American failures at the nearby battles of Brandywine (Brandywine, Battle of the) and Germantown (Germantown, Battle of), Washington led 11,000 regulars to take up winter quarters at Valley Forge on the west bank of the Schuylkill River, 22 miles (35 km) northwest of Philadelphia (which at the time was occupied by the British). The site was considered a defensible one, strategically located on leading trade routes and near farm supplies.

      During that unusually harsh winter, the force of Washington's leadership held together the dwindling American Army, which was suffering from the bitter cold, lack of clothes, semi-starvation, gross mismanagement in the commissary and transport departments, Congressional neglect, and public criticism. More adequate money and supplies were forthcoming after the Franco-American Alliance became known in late spring 1778. Although its ranks were decimated by rampant disease, the Continental Army was reorganized, and it emerged the following June as a well-disciplined and efficient fighting force, largely because of the efficient drilling methods introduced by Frederick William, Freiherr (baron) von Steuben (Steuben, Frederick William, Freiherr von).

      The encampment grounds are maintained by the National Park Service of the Department of the Interior as Valley Forge National Historic Park. The park, established in 1976, encompasses 5.4 square miles (14 square km) and maintains many restored structures and defensive works. Several buildings, including Washington's headquarters, are open for tours.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Valley Forge — Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, was the site of the camp of the American Continental Army over the winter of 1777 ndash;1778 in the American Revolutionary War. This was a time of great suffering for George Washington s Army, but it was also a time of …   Wikipedia

  • Valley Forge — [after an iron forge located on Valley Creek] village in SE Pa., on the Schuylkill River: scene of Washington s winter encampment (1777 78) …   English World dictionary

  • Valley Forge — (spr. Walleh Fordsch), Postort in der Grafschaft Montgomery des Staates Pennsylvanien (Nordamerika), am Schuylkill River u. der Reading Eisenbahn, Baumwollenmanufactur. Hier u. in der Umgegend überwinterte 1777–78 die Armee Washingtons …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Valley Forge — a place in Pennsylvania in the US where George ↑Washington s soldiers stayed during the winter in 1777 78 in the American Revolutionary War. Many men died because of the cold and lack of food …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Valley Forge — Para la película del mismo nombre, véase Valley Forge (película). Una réplica de una cabaña donde pudieron haber vivido los soldados en Valley Forge (fecha desconocida) Valley Forge en Pensilvania fue el sitio del campamento del Ejército… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Valley Forge — Das Revolutionary War Memorial bei Valley Forge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valley Forge — 40° 05′ 49″ N 75° 26′ 21″ W / 40.09694, 75.43916 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valley Forge — a village in SE Pennsylvania: winter quarters of Washington s army 1777 78. * * * Valley Forge [Valley Forge] an area in the US state of ↑Pennsylvania where General George ↑Washington and his Continental Army spent the severe winter of 1777–8… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Valley Forge — Val′ley Forge′ n. geg a village in SE Pennsylvania: winter quarters of Washington s army 1777–78 …   From formal English to slang

  • Valley Forge — locality, SE Pennsylvania, scene of Washington s winter encampment 1777–78 …   Webster's Gazetteer

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