Valerian

/veuh lear"ee euhn/, n. (Publius Licinius Valerianus)
died A.D. c260, Roman emperor 253-60.

* * *

Latin Publius Licinius Valerianus

died AD 260

Roman emperor (253–260).

He served as consul under Severus Alexander (r. 222–235). Later a commander on the upper Rhine, he supported the emperor Gallus (r. 251–253) in the conflict with a rival emperor but arrived with his legions too late to save Gallus from death at the hands of his own troops. Elected emperor by his soldiers (253), Valerian renewed the persecution of the Christians and executed Pope Sixtus II in 258. After appointing his son Publius Licinius Gallienus to rule the western part of the empire, he marched east to repel the Persian invasion. At first successful, he was later defeated by the Persian king Shapur I and died in captivity.

* * *

▪ Roman emperor
Latin in full  Publius Licinius Valerianus 
died 260

      Roman emperor from 253 to 260.

      Licinius Valerianus was consul under Severus Alexander (emperor 222–235) and played a leading role in inducing the Senate to risk support for Gordian I's rebellion against the emperor Maximinus (238). He may have been one of the 20 consulars who successfully defended Italy against the emperor. He is not again mentioned until the reign of Decius (emperor 249–251). Under Gallus (emperor 251–253), Licinius Valerianus held a command on the Upper Rhine and was summoned to bring the northern armies to aid in the struggle against the rival emperor Aemilian. He arrived too late to save Gallus but managed to avenge and succeed him.

 As the emperor Valerian, he vigorously renewed Decius's persecution of the Christians (Christianity), executing, among others, Bishop Cyprian (Cyprian, Saint) of Carthage and Bishop Xystus (Sixtus II (Sixtus II, Saint)) of Rome. Recognizing that it was no longer possible for one emperor to control the whole empire, Valerian appointed his son Gallienus to rule the West while he marched east to repel the Persian invasion. His attempts to negotiate personally with the Persian king Shāpūr I (Latin: Sapor) ended in failure. He was captured in June 260 and died in captivity. Like his predecessor, Decius, Valerian tried valiantly to preserve the ideals of the High Empire but ultimately failed to save himself or the regime he served.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Valerian — Valérian et Laureline Valérian et Laureline Série alias Valérian, agent spatio temporel Genre(s) Science fiction Scénario Pierre Christin Dessin Jean Claude Mézières Coloriste Évelyne Tranlé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valerian — auf einem Aureus mit der Göttin Felicitas . Valerian (* um 200; † nach 260 in Gundishapur), mit vollständigem Namen Publius Licinius Valerianus, war von 253 bis 260 römischer Kaiser. Als Kaiser bemühte er sich um die Stabilisierung der Grenzen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valerian — may mean:* Valerian (herb), a medicinal plant * Red valerian, a garden flower People * Valerian I, Roman emperor 253 260 * Valerian II, son of Gallienus (d. 258) * Valerianus Magnus (1586 1661), Italian Capuchin missionary preacher in Central… …   Wikipedia

  • Valerian — • Biography of the Roman ruler, focusing on his treatment of Christians Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Valerian     Valerian     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Valerian — Va*le ri*an, n. [LL. valeriana, perhaps from some person named Valerius, or fr. L. valere to be strong. powerful, on account of its medicinal virtues: cf. F. val[ e]riane.] (Bot.) Any plant of the genus {Valeriana}. The root of the officinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Valerian —   [v ], eigentlich Publius Licinius Valerianus, römischer Kaiser (seit 253), * um 200, ✝ nach 262 (?); von den Truppen in Rätien oder Noricum zum Kaiser ausgerufen; setzte seinen Sohn Gallienus als Mitregenten ein. Valerian suchte im Osten die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • valerian — [və lir′ē ən] n. [ME < MFr valériane < ML valeriana, valerian, prob. after Valeria, province in Pannonia, where the plants were grown] 1. any of a genus (Valeriana) of plants of the valerian family, with clusters or spikes of white, pink,… …   English World dictionary

  • valerian — ► NOUN 1) a plant bearing clusters of small pink, red, or white flowers. 2) a sedative drug obtained from a valerian root. ORIGIN Latin valeriana, apparently from Valerianus of Valerius (a personal name) …   English terms dictionary

  • valerian — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. valeriane, apparently from feminine singular of Latin adjective Valerianus, from the personal name Valerius (see VALERIE (Cf. Valerie)); but Weekley writes, some of the Ger. and Scand. forms of the name point rather to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Valerian — (14. April) bringt den Kukuk heran. – Boebel, 19 …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Valerian — [və lir′ē ən] (L. name Publius Licinius Valerianus) A.D. 190? 260; Rom. emperor (253 260) …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.