vaginitis

/vaj'euh nuy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of the vagina. Also called colpitis.
[1840-50; VAGIN(A) + -ITIS]

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The chief symptom is a whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge. Treatment depends on the cause: appropriate drugs for sexually transmitted diseases (often from Gardnerella bacteria or trichomonads) or yeast infections; estrogen cream for atrophy of the vaginal lining, which may dry out after menopause; and avoidance of any chemicals found to trigger irritation or allergy.

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      inflammation of the vagina, usually due to infection. The chief symptom is the abnormal flow of a whitish or yellowish discharge from the vagina ( leukorrhea). The treatment of vaginitis depends on the cause of the inflammation. Several different microorganisms can produce vaginitis in women of reproductive age; atrophic vaginitis, caused by reduced estrogen levels, can occur in women after menopause; and certain chemicals can cause an irritant or allergic vaginitis.

      Among the microorganisms that commonly cause vaginitis are Candida albicans, a common yeast that is the cause of candidiasis; Gardnerella bacteria; and Trichomonas vaginalis, a protozoan. The last two types of vaginal infections are usually transmitted through sexual contact. candidiasis can also occur during pregnancy and can cause infant thrush in children born to infected mothers. Treatment of these infectious forms of vaginitis is by appropriate antimicrobial drugs.

      Atrophic vaginitis occurs in postmenopausal women because the lack of estrogen stimulation causes the surface membrane of the vagina to become thin, dry, and fragile, increasing the likelihood of infection. Hormone replacement therapy restores the protective surface and eliminates vaginitis.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vaginitis — Clasificación y recursos externos CIE 10 N76.0 N76.1 CIE 9 …   Wikipedia Español

  • vaginitis — f. ginec. Inflamación de la mucosa vaginal que suele ir acompañado de leucorrea (flujo purulento), escozor, picor y en ocasiones se ven dificultadas las relaciones sexuales. Las causas que pueden producir vaginitis son irritación química o… …   Diccionario médico

  • Vaginitis — Vag i*ni tis, n. [NL. See {Vagina}, and { itis}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the vagina, or the genital canal, usually of its mucous living membrane. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vaginītis — (lat.), Entzündung der Mutterscheide …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vaginītis — Vaginītis, s. Scheidenentzündung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • vaginitis — 1846, Modern Latin; see VAGINA (Cf. vagina) + ITIS (Cf. itis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • vaginitis — vaginìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. 1. upala rodnice 2. upala tetivne ovojnice ETIMOLOGIJA v. vagina + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • vaginitis — (De vagina e itis). f. Med. Inflamación de la vagina …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • vaginitis — [vaj΄ə nīt′is] n. [ModL: see VAGINA & ITIS] inflammation of the vagina; colpitis …   English World dictionary

  • Vaginitis — Not to be confused with Vaginismus. Vaginitis Classification and external resources ICD 10 N76.0 N76.1 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

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