Ardabil [ard΄ə bēl′]
city in NW Iran, near the Caspian Sea: pop. 311,000: also sp. Ardebil

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Ar·da·bil (är'də-bēlʹ)
See Ardebil.

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Turkish  Erdebil,  

      town, northwestern Iran, 38 miles (61 km) from the Caspian Sea. It stands on an open plain 4,500 feet (1,400 metres) above sea level, just east of Mount Sabalān (15,784 feet [4,811 metres]), where cold spells occur until late spring. Persian historians have ascribed a founding date to the town in the Sāsānian period, but its known history does not begin until the Islāmic period. The town was taken by treaty by ʿAlī (c. 600–661), the fourth caliph. It was at that time the residence of the Sāsānian governor. The Umayyad governor made Ardabīl his capital, but the Arab hold on the region did not last. Local rulers fought continuously in the area until the Mongol conquest in 1220, when the town was destroyed. It lost all importance until Sheikh Ṣafī od-Dīn made it the centre of his Ṣūfī order in the 13th century, at the beginning of the rise of the Ṣafavid Dynasty. Ardabīl became a Ṣafavid shrine, especially enriched by gifts from Ṣafavid rulers. Much of the library of the shrine, once the greatest in Iran, and many of the treasures were looted by the Russians after their sack of Ardabīl in 1827.

      The town once shared in trade with Russia via the Caspian, but such activity has stagnated. Its industry consists of a cement factory and the making of carpets and rugs. Local warm mineral springs are frequented. The population speaks Azeri, a Turkic language. Pop. (2006) 418,262.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ardabil — (auch Ardebil) ist der Name: einer Stadt im Iran, siehe Ardabil (Stadt) einer Provinz im Iran, siehe Ardabil (Provinz) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Beg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ardabil — [ard΄ə bēl′] city in NW Iran, near the Caspian Sea: pop. 311,000: also sp. Ardebil …   English World dictionary

  • Ardabil — Infobox City official name = Ardabil other name = native name = اردبیل nickname = motto = imagesize = 200px image caption = Sheikh Safi s Tomb flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem size =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ardabil — 38° 15′ N 48° 18′ E / 38.25, 48.3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ardabil — Original name in latin Ardabl Name in other language Ardabil, Ardabl, Ardebil, Ardebil ardbyl, Ardebil Ardebl, aardibyl, ardbyl, erdebil, rdbil, Ардабил State code IR Continent/City Asia/Tehran longitude 38.2498 latitude 48.2933 altitude 1353… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ardabil — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Ardabīl Country and Admin Code IR.32 IR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Ardabil — or Ardebil geographical name city NW Iran in E Azerbaijan region population 281,973 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ardabil — ► C. de Irán, en el ostán de Azerbaiján, cerca del mar Caspio; 281 973 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ardabil — Ar|da|bil, Ar|de|bil, der; [s], s: vorwiegend blaugrundiger handgeknüpfter Teppich aus der gleichnamigen iranischen Stadt od. den umliegenden Gebieten …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ardabil — Ar|da|bil, Ar|de|bil der; [s], s <nach der iran. Stadt (bedeutender Teppichhandelsplatz)> handgeknüpfter Teppich …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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