Imhotep

Im·ho·tep (ĭm-hōʹtĕp), fl. 27thcentury B.C.
Egyptian architect, astrologer, and physician. He was the architect of the funeral complex at Saqqara, consisting of a huge stepped pyramid, a processional hall, and other buildings.

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Greek Imouthes

flourished 27th century BC, Memphis, Egypt

Egyptian sage and astrologer, later worshiped as the god of medicine.

In Greece he was identified with Asclepius. Imhotep was chief minister to the Egyptian king Djoser and is remembered as a skilled physician as well as the architect of the step-pyramid at Saqqara in Memphis. Deified around the time of the Persian conquest in 525 BC, he was said to be the son of Ptah and the war goddess Sekhmet. The cult of Imhotep reached its zenith in Greco-Roman times, when sick people slept in his temples with the hope that the god would reveal remedies to them in dreams.

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▪ Egyptian architect, physician, and statesman
Greek  Imouthes  
born 27th century BCE, Memphis, Egypt

      vizier, sage, architect, astrologer, and chief minister to Djoser (reigned 2630–2611 BCE), the second king of Egypt's third dynasty, who was later worshipped as the god of medicine in Egypt and in Greece, where he was identified with the Greek god of medicine, Asclepius. He is considered to have been the architect of the step pyramid built at the necropolis of Ṣaqqārah in the city of Memphis. The oldest extant monument of hewn stone known to the world, the pyramid consists of six steps and attains a height of 200 feet (61 metres).

 Although no contemporary account has been found that refers to Imhotep as a practicing physician, ancient documents illustrating Egyptian society and medicine during the Old Kingdom (c. 2575– c. 2130 BCE) show that the chief magician of the pharaoh's court also frequently served as the nation's chief physician. Imhotep's reputation as the reigning genius of the time, his position in the court, his training as a scribe, and his becoming known as a medical demigod only 100 years after his death are strong indications that he must have been a physician of considerable skill.

      Not until the Persian conquest of Egypt in 525 BCE was Imhotep elevated to the position of a full deity, replacing Nefertem in the great triad of Memphis, shared with his mythological parents Ptah, the creator of the universe, and Sekhmet, the goddess of war and pestilence. Imhotep's cult reached its zenith during Greco-Roman times, when his temples in Memphis and on the island of Philae (Arabic: Jazīrat Fīlah) in the Nile River were often crowded with sufferers who prayed and slept there with the conviction that the god would reveal remedies to them in their dreams. The only Egyptian mortal besides the 18th-dynasty sage and minister Amenhotep (Amenhotep, son of Hapu) to attain the honour of total deification, Imhotep is still held in esteem by physicians who, like the eminent 19th-century British practitioner Sir William Osler (Osler, Sir William, Baronet), consider him “the first figure of a physician to stand out clearly from the mists of antiquity.”

Additional Reading
Jamieson B. Hurry, Imhotep, the Vizier and Physician of King Zoser and Afterwards the Egyptian God of Medicine, 2nd rev. ed. (1928, reprinted 1978), carefully examines the literary and archaeological sources on Imhotep.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Imhotep — Imhotep in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IMHOTEP — (env. IMHOTEP 2800) Conseiller et architecte du roi Djoser (IIIe dynastie). Par la construction du vaste complexe funéraire de Saqqarah, qui inclut la première pyramide de l’histoire égyptienne, Imhotep inventa l’architecture monumentale de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • IMHOTEP — (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/i/im.htm#imhotep]: famoso médico y arquitecto egipcio de la tercera dinastía. Fué el constructor de la primera pirámide totalmente en piedra construída en el antiguo Egipto monografía [véase… …   Diccionario médico

  • Imhotep — es el primer arquitecto y médico conocido en la historia. También es considerado el primer genio conocido del mundo. Fue visir del faraón Djoser, y diseñó la conocida como «Pirámide de Djoser» en Saqqara alrededor de 2630 2611 a.c., durante la 3ª …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Imhotep — Imhotep,   griechisch Imuthes, ägyptischer Baumeister, Arzt, Schriftsteller um 2600 v. Chr.; Ratgeber des Königs Djoser, für den er den Bau der Stufenpyramide von Sakkara und der zugehörigen Tempel leitete. In griechischer Zeit wurde Imhotep in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Imhotep — (Imuthes), uralter Weiser Ägyptens, der unter der Regierung des Königs Zoser (Tosorthros, 3. Dynastie) gelebt hat. Nach seinem Tode wurde er als heilig verehrt und später für einen Sohn des Ptah gehalten, neben dem er in Memphis einen Kult hatte …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Imhotep — Imhotep, der ägypt. Gott der Heilkunde …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Imhotep — Imhòtep (27. st. pr. Kr.) DEFINICIJA egipatski mudrac, arhitekt, liječnik, astronom, političar, poslije slavljen kao bog medicine u Egiptu, a u Grčkoj poistovjećen s Asklepijem; prema predaji konstruirao prvu stepenastu piramidu pokraj Memphisa …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Imhotep — Para otros usos de este término, véase Imhotep (chaty de Tutmosis I). Imhotep (en griego: Imutes, pronunciación en español: Im jo tep), sabio, médico, astrónomo, y el primer arquitecto conocido en la historia (aprox. 2690 2610 a. C.) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Imhotep — hiero|Imhotep|M18 m R4 Imhotep (sometimes spelled Immutef, Im hotep, or Ii em Hotep, circa (fl. 27th century BC) Egyptian unicode| ii m ḥtp unicode| *jā im ḥatāp meaning the one who comes in peace ) was an Egyptian polymath, [… …   Wikipedia

  • Imhotep — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Imhotep (homonymie). Imhotep Divinité égyptienne …   Wikipédia en Français

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