uitlander

/uyt"lan'deuhr, oyt"-/; Du. /ueit"lahn'deuhrdd/, n. (often cap.)
a foreigner, esp. a British settler in the Boer republics prior to the formation of the Union of South Africa.
[1890-95; < Afrik < obs. D, equiv. to uit OUT + land LAND + -er -ER1]

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▪ South African immigrant
      (Afrikaans: “outlander”), any British or other non-Afrikaner immigrant in the Transvaal region in the 1880s and '90s. The prospect of gold lured large numbers of newcomers to Johannesburg, where they became a majority of the citizenry and were led by an aristocracy of wealthy mine owners. The Transvaal's long-established rural population of Boers (Afrikaners), afraid of being overwhelmed, passed laws to restrict the Uitlanders' influence. A law of 1888 declared that only the Dutch language could be used in legal proceedings and official documents.

      Naturalization and the right to vote, under a law passed in 1890, involved not only a naturalization fee but also a minimum of 14 years' residence. These restrictions on the franchise became a focus of Uitlander protest. In 1892 the lawyer Charles Leonard organized the National Union, which held meetings and circulated petitions demanding that Uitlanders be given the right to vote. From that time on, tensions mounted steadily, aggravated by the Jameson Raid of 1895 and by open British support for the Uitlanders. War finally erupted in 1899 (see South African War).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Uitlander — Uitlander, Afrikaans for outlander , was the name given to foreign migrant workers during the initial exploitation of the Witwatersrand gold fields in the Transvaal. Boer War These vast gold fields were discovered in 1886, within ten years the… …   Wikipedia

  • Uitlander — Uit land er, n. [D. Cf. {Outlander}.] A foreigner; an outlander. [South Africa] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • uitlander — [ëit′län΄dər; ] E [ oit′lan΄dər, āt′lan΄dər, īt′lan΄dər] n. [Afrik < Du uit, out (for IE base see OUT) + land, land] in South Africa, a foreigner; specif., in the Transvaal, one who is not a Boer …   English World dictionary

  • Uitlander — Le cimetière des uitlanders à Pilgrim s Rest, au Mpumalanga Le terme Uitlander, un mot afrikaans signifiant « étranger », fut utilisé pour désigner les travailleurs émigrants étrangers au cours de l exploitation des mines d or du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Uitlander — noun Etymology: Afrikaans, from Middle Dutch utelander foreigner, from utelant foreign territory, from ute out + lant land Date: 1892 foreigner; especially a British resident in the former republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free State …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Uitlander — Hollandsk for udlænding. Boernes navn på indvandrede fremmede i Sydafrika …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Uitlander — n. foreigner (in South Africa) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • uitlander — uit·land·er …   English syllables

  • uitlander — uit•land•er [[t]ˈaɪtˌlæn dər, ˌlɑn , ˈɔɪt [/t]] n. why peo (often cap.) a foreigner, esp. a British settler in the former Boer republics • Etymology: 1890–95; < Afrik < D …   From formal English to slang

  • uitlander —   n. foreigner ; British resident in former Boer state …   Dictionary of difficult words

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