Tweed

/tweed/, n.
1. William Marcy /mahr"see/ ("Boss Tweed"), 1823-78, U.S. politician.
2. a river flowing E from S Scotland along part of the NE boundary of England into the North Sea. 97 mi. (156 km) long.
3. a male given name.

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I
Medium-to heavy weight fabric, rough in surface texture, produced in a great variety of colour and weave effects (see weaving).

Most tweeds are made entirely of wool, but an increasing number are blends of wool with cotton, rayon, or other synthetic fibres. Most are woven from dyed yarns, but some are dyed after being woven. Technical advances in dyeing raw stock, yarns, and fabrics, together with new techniques in finishing, have resulted in a wide variety of durable cloths.
II
(as used in expressions)
Tweed William Marcy
Boss Tweed

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fabric
      any of several fabrics of medium-to-heavy weight, rough in surface texture, and produced in a great variety of colour and weave effects largely determined by the place of manufacture. The descriptions “Scottish,” “Welsh,” “Cheviot,” “Saxony,” “Harris,” “Yorkshire,” “Donegal,” and “West of England,” for example, cover an extremely wide range of woolen and mixture cloths. Most tweeds are made entirely of wool; but an increasing number consist of blends of wool and cotton, wool and rayon, or wool and man-made fibres, each of which imparts a special property.

      The word tweed was not derived from the River Tweed, although the cloth was manufactured in the Tweed Valley. Tweed is usually made by a variation of the basic twill weave, and the old Scottish name for twill was tweel. The name tweed is attributed to a mistake on the part of a London clerk who in 1826, when drafting an order or invoice for tweels, accidentally wrote tweeds, a name that quickly established itself.

      The wide range of modified twill weaves in use includes herringbones, diamonds, chevrons, cross twills, and checks, along with an even more extensive variety of stripe, marl, fleck, and mingled heather effects in many tones and hues. The counts of the yarns and the twist and colours employed vary greatly, as do the ends and picks in warp and weft, or filling. Most tweeds are colour woven from dyed yarns, but some are piece-dyed. Technical advances in dyeing raw stock, yarns, and fabrics, together with new techniques in finishing, have resulted in a wide variety of stable and hard-wearing apparel cloths made in different weights.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tweed — tweed …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • tweed — [ twid ] n. m. • 1844 « vêtement »; mot angl., altér. de l écossais tweel, angl. twill « étoffe croisée », probablt sous l infl. de Tweed, fleuve côtier entre l Angleterre et l Écosse ♦ Tissu de laine cardée (d abord fabriqué en Écosse), avec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tweed — may refer to:*Tweed (cloth), a type of fabric using the twill weave *Harris Tweed, a luxury twill, handwoven on the Isle of Harris, Outer Hebrides, Scotland *Tweed, Ontario, Canada *Tweed New Haven Regional Airport in New Haven, Connecticut (IATA …   Wikipedia

  • Tweed — 〈[ twi:d] m. 6〉 1. 〈urspr.〉 Gewebe aus handgesponnener schott. Cheviotwolle 2. 〈heute〉 kleingemusterter, locker gewebter Stoff aus Streichgarn ● er trägt gern Tweedjacketts [nach dem schottisch nordengl. Fluss Tweed] * * * Tweed [tvi:t , engl.:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tweed — steht für: Tweed (Vereinigtes Königreich), ein Fluss im englisch schottischen Grenzgebiet Tweed (New South Wales), ein Fluss in New South Wales, Australien Tweed (Neuseeland), ein Fluss in Neuseeland Tweed (Gewebe), ein Textilgewebe Tweed ist der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tweed — /tweed/, n. 1. a coarse wool cloth in a variety of weaves and colors, either hand spun and handwoven in Scotland or reproduced, often by machine, elsewhere. 2. tweeds, garments made of this cloth. 3. a paper having a rough surface, used esp. for… …   Universalium

  • tweed — s.n. Stofă confecţionată din fire de lână fină cu fibre lungi, de culori diferite. [pr.: tŭid] – cuv. engl. Trimis de ana zecheru, 29.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  TWEED s.n. v. tuid. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • tweed — tweed; tweed·dale; tweed·ed; tweed·i·ness; …   English syllables

  • Tweed — Originally hand made woollen cloths made on the banks of the river Tweed from soft, rough yarns, the weave being mostly 2 & 2 twill. Both checks and stripes were produced. The Scotch Tweed Mark Association enforces upon its members the use of… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • tweed — [twi:d] n [U] [Date: 1800 1900; : Scottish English; Origin: tweel twill ; influenced by Tweed river in Scotland] 1.) rough ↑woollen cloth woven from threads of different colours, used mostly to make ↑jackets, suits, and coats ▪ a thick tweed suit …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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