trompe l'oeil

Fr. /trddawonnp lue"yeu/; Eng. /trawmp" lay", loy"/
1. visual deception, esp. in paintings, in which objects are rendered in extremely fine detail emphasizing the illusion of tactile and spatial qualities.
2. a painting, mural, or panel of wallpaper designed to create such an effect.
[1895-1900; < F: lit., (it) fools the eye]

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(French; "deceive the eye")

Style of representation in which a painted object is intended to deceive the viewer into believing it is the object itself.

First employed by the ancient Greeks, trompe l'oeil was also popular with Roman muralists. Since the early Renaissance, European painters have used trompe l'oeil to create false frames from which the contents of still lifes or portraits seemed to spill and to paint windowlike images that appeared to be actual openings in a wall or ceiling.

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      (French: “deceive the eye”), in painting, the representation of an object with such verisimilitude as to deceive the viewer concerning the material reality of the object. This idea appealed to the ancient Greeks who were newly emancipated from the conventional stylizations of earlier art. Zeuxis, for example, reportedly painted such realistic grapes that birds tried to eat them. The technique was also popular with Roman muralists. Although trompe l'oeil never achieved the status of a major artistic aim, from the early Renaissance on, European painters occasionally fostered illusionism by painting false frames out of which the contents of a still life or portrait appeared to spill, or by creating window-like images suggesting actual openings in the wall or ceiling.

      In Italy in the 15th century an inlay work known as intarsia was used on choir stalls and in sacristies, frequently as trompe l'oeil views of cupboards with different articles seen upon the shelves through half-open doors. In America the 19th-century still-life painter William Harnett (Harnett, William) became famous for his card-rack paintings, on which are depicted various cards and clippings with such verisimilitude that the viewer becomes convinced that they can be lifted off the painted rack. In the late 20th century, muralist Richard Haas painted the exteriors of entire buildings in trompe l'oeil, primarily in Chicago and New York City. Aaron Bohrod was one of the foremost 20th century practitioners of small-scale trompe l'oeil.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • trompe-l'oeil — n. m. inv. d1./d En peinture, rendu donnant des effets de perspective pour donner l illusion d objets réels et d un véritable relief. || Par ext. Décor en trompe l oeil. d2./d Fig. Ce qui fait illusion …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • trompe l'oeil — 1889, from Fr., lit. deceives the eye …   Etymology dictionary

  • trompe l'oeil — [trōnp lë′y ] n. [Fr, lit., trick of the eye] 1. a painting, etc. that creates such a strong illusion of reality that the viewer may not at first be sure whether the thing depicted is real or a representation 2. an illusion or effect of this kind …   English World dictionary

  • trompe-l'oeil — n. a still life painting etc. designed to give an illusion of reality. Etymology: F, lit. deceives the eye * * * adjective creating the illusion of seeing reality the visual deception of trompe l oeil art • Syn: ↑eye deceiving • Similar to: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Trompe-d'oeil — Universitätskirche in Wien mit trompe l œil Deckenfresken die den Eindruck einer Kuppel geben. Gemalt von Andrea Pozzo im 17. Jahrhundert …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Trompe-l’oeil — Universitätskirche in Wien mit trompe l œil Deckenfresken die den Eindruck einer Kuppel geben. Gemalt von Andrea Pozzo im 17. Jahrhundert …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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