trinitrotoluene

/truy nuy'troh tol"yooh een'/, n. Chem.
See TNT.
Also, trinitrotoluol /truy nuy'troh tol"yooh ohl'/.
[1895-1900; TRINITRO- + TOLUENE]

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      a pale yellow, solid organic nitrogen compound used chiefly as an explosive, prepared by stepwise nitration of toluene. Because TNT melts at 82° C (178° F) and does not explode below 240° C (464° F), it can be melted in steam-heated vessels and poured into casings. It is relatively insensitive to shock and cannot be exploded without a detonator. For these reasons it is the most favoured chemical explosive, extensively used in munitions and for demolitions.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trinitrotoluene — Trinitrotoluène Pour les articles homonymes, voir TNT. Trinitrotoluène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • trinitrotoluène — [ trinitrotɔlɥɛn ] n. m. • 1874; de trinitré (1905; de tri et nitré) et toluène ♦ Techn. Explosif nitré dérivé du toluène, corps solide cristallisé, de formule C7H5(NO2)3. ⇒ T.N.T.; tolite. ● trinitrotoluène nom masculin Dérivé trois fois nitré… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • trinitrotoluene — [trī nī΄trō täl′yo͞oôl΄, trī nī΄trō täl′yo͞oōl΄trī nī΄trōtäl′yo͞o ēn΄] n. [ TRI + NITRO + TOLUENE] a high explosive, any of several isomeric derivatives, CH3C6H2 (NO2) 3, of toluene, used for blasting, in artillery shells, etc.: abbrev. TNT: also …   English World dictionary

  • Trinitrotoluène — Pour les articles homonymes, voir TNT. Trinitrotoluène structure du Trinitroto …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trinitrotoluene — chembox ImageFileL1 = Trinitrotoluene.svg ImageSizeL1 = 120px ImageFileR1 = TNT 3D balls.png ImageSizeR1 = 120px IUPACName = 2 methyl 1,3,5 trinitrobenzene OtherNames = 2,4,6 Trinitrotoluene, TNT, Trilite, Tolite, Trinol, Trotyl, Tritolo,… …   Wikipedia

  • trinitrotoluene — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1900 TNT …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • trinitrotoluene — noun A highly explosive yellow crystalline substance, (CHCH(NO)), obtained by reacting nitric acid with toluene …   Wiktionary

  • trinitrotoluene — An explosive made by the nitrification of toluene; it causes gastric and intestinal disturbances and dermatitis in workers in munition factories. SYN: trinitrotoluol. * * * tri·ni·tro·tol·u·ene .trī .nī trō täl yə .wēn n a flammable toxic… …   Medical dictionary

  • trinitrotoluene — tri·ni·tro·to·lu·è·ne s.m. TS chim. nitroderivato del toluene per sostituzione di tre atomi di idrogeno con tre di nitrogruppi, il cui isomero più importante è il tritolo (simb. TNT) Sinonimi: trinitrotoluolo. {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1927. ETIMO …   Dizionario italiano

  • trinitrotoluene — pl.m. trinitrotolueni …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

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