treehopper

/tree"hop'euhr/, n.
any of numerous homopterous jumping insects of the family Membracidae, that have an enlarged prothorax and feed on the juices of plants, often injuring the plants.
[1830-40; TREE + HOPPER]

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insect
 any of approximately 3,200 species of insects (order Homoptera) that are easily recognized by their vertical face and grotesquely enlarged thorax, which may extend anteriorly over the head to form one or more spines and expands posteriorly over the body to form a hoodlike covering. They are sometimes called insect brownies because of their elflike appearance. They range in colour from green and blue to bronze and are often marked with spots or stripes. Many treehoppers secrete honeydew, a sweet by-product of digestion. Most of these sap-sucking insects occur in the tropics. They may injure trees and shrubs when the female deposits her yellow, elongated eggs into a double row of curved slits cut into the bark. Fungi and other plant diseases also may enter through these slits. In the spring, pale-green nymphs emerge and feed on the sap of nearby weeds and grasses. They mature and return to the trees in the middle of the summer to lay eggs.

      The buffalo treehopper, Stictocephala (or Ceresa) bubalus, 6 to 8 mm (0.2 to 0.3 inch) long, is harmful to young orchard trees, especially apple trees. The oak treehoppers, Platycotis vittata and P. quadrivittata, feed on deciduous and evergreen oaks. Treehoppers can be controlled by applying insecticides before eggs are laid and by cutting down surrounding weeds.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Treehopper — Ceresa taurina Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • treehopper — [trē′häp΄ər] n. any of various families (esp. Membracidae) of hopping homopteran insects that feed on plant sap and are characterized by the backward prolongation over the abdomen of the prothorax, which is often extended …   English World dictionary

  • treehopper — noun Date: circa 1839 any of a family (Membracidae) of small leaping homopterous insects that feed on the sap especially of shrubs and trees …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • treehopper — noun a tree dwelling jumping bug that lives chiefly in the tropics. [Family Membracidae: numerous species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • treehopper — tree•hop•per [[t]ˈtriˌhɒp ər[/t]] n. ent any of numerous sap feeding jumping insects of the family Membracidae, having an extended upper back that often resembles a thorn • Etymology: 1830–40 …   From formal English to slang

  • treehopper — noun small leaping insect that sucks juices of branches and twigs • Hypernyms: ↑plant hopper, ↑planthopper • Member Holonyms: ↑Membracidae, ↑family Membracidae …   Useful english dictionary

  • Buffalo Treehopper — Taxobox | image width = 240px image caption = Stictocephala bisonia name = Stictocephala bisonia cite web|url= http://insects.tamu.edu/extension/youth/bug/bug048.html|title= Buffalo Treehopper|accessdate= 2008 07 16|author= John A.… …   Wikipedia

  • Buffalo treehopper — Stictocephala bisonia[1] Stictocephala bisonia Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • buffalo treehopper — noun Etymology: so called from its horned prothorax : a bright green treehopper (Stictocephala bubalus) that has two lateral horns on the prothorax, is common throughout the U.S., and damages fruit and other trees by laying its eggs in the bark… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Membracidae — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor p …   Wikipedia Español

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