trapshooting

/trap"shooh'ting/, n.
the sport of shooting at clay pigeons hurled into the air from a trap. Cf. skeet1.
[1870-75; TRAP1 + SHOOTING]

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Shooting sport with moving targets.

A shotgun (usually 12-gauge) is used. The targets are clay disks (called pigeons) that are sprung into the air from a trap. A later variant is skeet shooting. Trapshooting's origins date to the 18th century, when marksmen shot at live pigeons released from cages or box traps. The modern clay-pigeon variety has been included in Olympic Games competition since 1900. A single trap throws 25 targets at varying angles; each competitor fires four 25-target rounds.

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sport
also called  clay-pigeon shooting , or  down-the-line shooting  

      sport in which participants use shotguns for shooting at saucer-shaped clay targets flung into the air from a spring device called a trap. A later variant, skeet shooting, is also included in trapshooting.

      Trapshooting originated in England in the late 18th century when marksmen, to improve their hunting skills, shot at live pigeons released from cages or box traps. The practice was outlawed or died out in the late 19th century when various inanimate objects were substituted as targets, culminating with the invention of the modern disk. Trapshooting has since developed an appeal of its own apart from training for hunting and is chiefly pursued among marksmen who seldom or never hunt. It has been included in Olympic Games competition, with few exceptions, since 1900.

 Modern birds, or clay pigeons, are 11 cm (4.25 inches) in diameter and 3 cm (1.12 inches) in thickness and are made of pitch and clay or limestone, weighing 3.5–4 ounces (99–113 grams). They are so brittle that even one pellet from a shot will usually shatter them for a score.

 A trapshooting field (see illustration—>) consists of a single trap house located 15 metres (16 yards) in front of five shooting stations. Targets are thrown into the air away from the shooter and at varying angles unknown to him. A regulation round is made up of 25 targets, with each shooter firing at five targets from each of the five stations. In doubles competition, two targets are released at the same time, and the shooter must fire one shot at each. The gun used is usually a double-barreled 12-gauge (bore) shotgun.

      World championship and Olympic trapshooting events are supervised by the International Shooting Union. In the Olympics each competitor fires four 25-target rounds on each of two days, and total targets hit out of the 200 attempted determine the winner.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • trapshooting — [trap′sho͞ot΄iŋ] n. the sport of shooting at clay pigeons, or disks, sprung into the air from traps trapshooter n …   English World dictionary

  • trapshooting — noun Date: 1875 shooting at clay pigeons sprung from a trap into the air away from the shooter …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • trapshooting — noun The sport, similar to skeet, of shooting at thrown targets with a shotgun …   Wiktionary

  • trapshooting — Synonyms and related words: archery, casting, chucking, firing, flinging, gunnery, heaving, hurling, jaculation, lobbing, musketry, pitching, projection, shooting, skeet, skeet shooting, slinging, throwing, trajection …   Moby Thesaurus

  • trapshooting — trap|shoot|ing [ˈtræpˌʃu:tıŋ] n [U] the sport of shooting special clay objects fired into the air …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • trapshooting — trap|shooting [ træp,ʃutıŋ ] noun uncount the activity or sport of shooting at clay objects thrown into the air by a machine …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • trapshooting — n. target shooting at flying clay pigeons …   English contemporary dictionary

  • trapshooting — noun (U) the sport of shooting at special clay objects fired into the air …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • trapshooting — UK [ˈtræpˌʃuːtɪŋ] / US [ˈtræpˌʃutɪŋ] noun [uncountable] the activity or sport of shooting at clay objects thrown into the air by a machine …   English dictionary

  • trapshooting — trap•shoot•ing [[t]ˈtræpˌʃu tɪŋ[/t]] n. spo the sport of shooting at clay pigeons hurled into the air from a trap Compare skeet • Etymology: 1870–75 …   From formal English to slang

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