transept

transeptal, adj.transeptally, adv.
/tran"sept/, n. Archit.
1. any major transverse part of the body of a church, usually crossing the nave, at right angles, at the entrance to the choir.
2. an arm of this, on either side of the central aisle of a church.
[1530-40; < AL transeptum. See TRANS-, SEPTUM]

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Area of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church lying at right angles to the principal axis.

The bay at which the transept intersects the nave is called the crossing. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary east. The arms of the transept are designated by direction, as northern transept and southern transept.

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 the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. The bay at which the transept intersects the main body of the church is called the crossing. The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends toward the west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary toward the east. The arms of the transept are then designated by direction, as north transept and south transept. They may have aisles or not and are generally about the same width as the nave.

      There is disagreement over the origin of the transept. It may have developed from the bema, or platform, of Christian basilican churches, such as the original St. Peter's, Rome. Or it may have developed from the cruciform plan of tombs in the time of the Roman emperor Constantine. Actual transepts first appear in Romanesque churches. Those of the Cluniac order had double transepts, a feature carried over into some English Gothic cathedrals such as those at Lincoln and Salisbury, the latter having main north and south transepts, and smaller northeast and southeast ones. The far more common plan of a Latin cross may be seen in San Michele, Pavia, Italy (c. 1155).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TRANSEPT — TRANSEP Terme qui désigne, dans l’architecture religieuse médiévale et moderne, une nef transversale, divisée intérieurement en un ou plusieurs vaisseaux; le transept croise perpendiculairement la nef de l’édifice en avant du chœur ou de l’abside …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Transept — et autres parties d une église. Le transept est une nef transversale qui coupe à angle droit la nef principale d’une église et qui lui donne ainsi la forme symbolique d’une croix latine. Outre ce côté symbolique, le transept participe à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Transept — • A rectangular space inserted between the apse and nave in the early Christian basilica Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Transept     Transept      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • transept — TRANSÉPT, transepturi, s.n. Naos transversal care taie în unghi drept naosul principal al unei biserici, alcătuind cu acesta un plan în formă de cruce. – Din fr. transept. Trimis de ionel bufu, 28.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  transépt s. n. (sil.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Transept — Tran sept, n. [Pref. trans + L. septum an inclosure. See {Septum}.] (Arch.) The transversal part of a church, which crosses at right angles to the greatest length, and between the nave and choir. In the basilicas, this had often no projection at… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transept — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. transeptpcie, archit. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} nawa poprzeczna w kościele zbudowanym na planie krzyża, zwykle oddzielająca nawę główną i nawy boczne od prezbiterium : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Transept jedno ,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Transept — Transept, s. Transsept …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Transept — (Transsept, lat.), jeder Querbau, der die Längenausdehnung eines Gebäudes unterbricht und Querflügel bildet (z. B. das Kreuzschiff christlicher Kirchen) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Transépt — (lat.), Querbau; bes. Querschiff einer Kirche …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • transept — (n.) transverse section of a cruciform church, 1530s, from M.L. transeptum, from L. trans across (see TRANS (Cf. trans )) + saeptum fence, partition, enclosure (see SEPTUM (Cf. septum)). Rare before 1700 …   Etymology dictionary

  • transept — [ transɛpt, trα:n ] noun (in a cross shaped church) either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave. Derivatives transeptal adjective Origin C16: from mod. L. transeptum (see trans , septum) …   English new terms dictionary

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