- /town"zeuhnd/, Amer. Hist.acts of the British Parliament in 1767, esp. the act that placed duties on tea, paper, lead, paint, etc., imported into the American colonies.[named after Charles Townshend (1725-67), English statesman, their sponsor]
* * *(1767) British parliamentary measures to tax the American colonists.The series of four acts imposed duties on imports of lead, paint, glass, paper, and tea and established a board of customs commissioners to enforce collection. Colonial quartering of British troops was also revived. The colonists protested the new measures as taxation without representation and resisted compliance. Nonimportation agreements among colonial merchants cut British imports in half by 1769. In 1770 all the duties except the tax on tea were repealed.
* * *▪ Great Britain (June 15–July 2, 1767), in U.S. colonial history, series of four acts passed by the British Parliament in an attempt to assert what it considered to be its historic right to exert authority over the colonies through suspension of a recalcitrant representative assembly and through strict provisions for the collection of revenue duties. The British-American colonists named the acts after Charles Townshend, who sponsored them.The Suspending Act prohibited the New York Assembly from conducting any further business until it complied with the financial requirements of the Quartering Act (1765) for the expenses of British troops stationed there. The second act, often called the Townshend duties, imposed direct revenue duties—that is, duties aimed not merely at regulating trade but at putting money into the British treasury. These were payable at colonial ports and fell on lead, glass, paper, paint, and tea. It was the second time in the history of the colonies that a tax had been levied solely for the purpose of raising revenue. The third act established strict and often arbitrary machinery of customs collection in the American Colonies, including additional officers, searchers, spies, coast guard vessels, search warrants, writs of assistance, and a Board of Customs Commissioners at Boston, all to be financed out of customs revenues. The fourth Townshend Act lifted commercial duties on tea, allowing it to be exported to the Colonies free of all British taxes.The acts posed an immediate threat to established traditions of colonial self-government, especially the practice of taxation through representative provincial assemblies. They were resisted everywhere with verbal agitation and physical violence, deliberate evasion of duties, renewed nonimportation agreements among merchants, and overt acts of hostility toward British enforcement agents, especially in Boston. Such colonial tumult, coupled with the instability of frequently changing British ministries, resulted, on March 5, 1770 (the same day as the Boston Massacre), in repeal of all revenue duties except that on tea, lifting of the Quartering Act requirements, and removal of troops from Boston, which thus temporarily averted hostilities.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Townshend Acts — Charles Townshend spearheaded the Townshend Acts, but died before their detrimental effects became apparent. The Townshend Acts were a series of laws passed beginning in 1767 by the Parliament of Great Britain relating to the British colonies in… … Wikipedia
Townshend Acts — Les Townshend Acts ou Charles Townshend sont la dénomination courante de deux décisions du Parlement britannique votées en 1767 et proposées par Charles Townshend, Chancelier de l Échiquier, peu avant son décès. L objectif des lois Townshend… … Wikipédia en Français
Townshend Acts — Die Townshend Acts (Townshendgesetze), benannt nach dem britischen Finanzminister Charles Townshend, der sie eingebracht hatte, waren vom Britischen Parlament am 29. Juni 1767 beschlossene Gesetze, mit denen Zölle für die Einfuhr verschiedener… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Townshend Acts — /town zeuhnd/, Amer. Hist. acts of the British Parliament in 1767, esp. the act that placed duties on tea, paper, lead, paint, etc., imported into the American colonies. [named after Charles Townshend (1725 67), English statesman, their sponsor] … Useful english dictionary
Townshend, Charles — ▪ British statesman born August 27, 1725 died September 4, 1767, London, England British chancellor of the Exchequer whose measures for the taxation of the British American colonies intensified the hostilities that eventually led to the… … Universalium
Townshend — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Cenzo Townshend est un producteur de musique, mixeur, et ingénieur du son anglais. Charles Townshend (1861 1924) fut un général britannique.… … Wikipédia en Français
Townshend,Charles — Town·shend (tounʹzənd), Charles. 1725 1767. British politician who as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1766) and acting prime minister sponsored the Townshend Acts (1767), which levied duties on many items imported to the American colonies. Strong… … Universalium
Intolerable Acts — This cartoon depicting the Intolerable Acts as an assault upon a Native American woman (a symbol of the American colonies) was copied and distributed in North America The Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts are names used to describe a series… … Wikipedia
Charles Townshend — For other people named Charles Townshend, see Charles Townshend (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Charles Townshend PC … Wikipedia
Navigation Acts — The English Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England (after 1707 Great Britain) and its colonies, a process which had started in 1651. Their goal was to force colonial development … Wikipedia