torticollis

/tawr'ti kol"is/, n. Pathol.
a condition in which the neck is twisted and the head inclined to one side, caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscles of the neck. Also called wryneck.
[1805-15; < NL, equiv. to L tort(us) twisted (see TORT) + -i- -I- + coll(um) neck + -is n. suffix]

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also called  wryneck  or  stiff neck 

      abnormality in which the neck is in a twisted, bent position such that the head is pulled to one side and the chin points to the other. In infants the most common causes of torticollis include congenital shortening of muscles on one side of the neck, malposition of the fetus in the uterus, and trauma to the sternocleidomastoid muscle of the neck during birth. In adults, poor posture, tumours (tumour) of the cervical spine, and inflammation of cervical lymph nodes (lymph node) may cause the condition. Treatment may include stretching of the neck muscles, applying heat to the affected area, traction of the cervical spine, or a neck brace.

      Spasmodic torticollis is a neurologic disorder thought to be caused by increased secretion of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to the neck muscles; the muscles of one side of the neck contract spasmodically. Treatment for spasmodic torticollis includes the injection of botulinum toxin (e.g., Botox™) into the neck muscles; medications that reduce muscle stiffness and spasms also may be prescribed.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Torticollis — Tor ti*col lis, n. [F. toricolis; L. torquere, tortum, to twist + collum the neck.] (Med.) See {Wryneck}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Torticollis — (lat.), schiefer Hals …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Torticollis — (lat.), Schiefhals (s. d.); T. spastica, rheumatica, Nickkrampf (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • torticollis — 1811, Mod.L., from L. tortus crooked, twisted (see TORTUOUS (Cf. tortuous)) + collum neck (see COLLAR (Cf. collar)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • torticollis — [tôr΄ti käl′is] n. [ModL < L tortus, twisted + collum, the neck: see TORT & COLLAR] Med. a condition of persistent involuntary contraction of the neck muscles, causing the head to be twisted to an abnormal position …   English World dictionary

  • Torticollis — Infobox Disease Name = Torticollis Caption = A Guinea pig with wry neck DiseasesDB = 31866 ICD10 = ICD10|M|43|6|m|40 ICD9 = ICD9|723.5 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 597 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|orthoped|452 …   Wikipedia

  • Torticollis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 M43.6 Torticollis Q68.0 Angeborene Deformitäten des M. sternocleidomastoideus Torticollis congenitus (muscularis) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Torticollis — The most common of the focal dystonias, torticollis is a state of excessive of inadequate muscle tone in the muscles in the neck that control the position of the head. It can cause the head to twist and turn to one side, and the head may also be… …   Medical dictionary

  • torticollis — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Latin tortus twisted + i + collum neck more at collar Date: circa 1811 a twisting of the neck to one side that results in abnormal carriage of the head and is usually caused by muscle spasms called also wryneck …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • torticollis — noun A medical condition in which the neck muscles contract causing the neck to twist or jerk Syn: wryneck …   Wiktionary

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