tonsillitis

tonsillitic /ton'seuh lit"ik/, adj.
/ton'seuh luy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of a tonsil or the tonsils.
[1795-1805; < L tonsill(ae) tonsils + -ITIS]

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Inflammatory infection of the tonsils, usually with hemolytic streptococci (see streptococcus) or viruses.

The symptoms are sore throat, trouble in swallowing, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes on the neck. The infection, which usually lasts about five days, is treated with bed rest and antiseptic gargling. Sulfa drugs or other antibiotics are prescribed in severe bacterial infections to prevent complications. Streptococcal infection can spread to nearby structures. Complications may include abscess, nephritis, and rheumatic fever. Tonsils that become chronically inflamed and enlarged require surgical removal (tonsillectomy).

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      inflammatory infection of the tonsils caused by invasion of the mucous membrane by microorganisms, usually hemolytic streptococci (Streptococcus) or viruses. The symptoms are sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, fever, malaise, and enlarged lymph nodes on both sides of the neck. The infection lasts about five days. The treatment includes bed rest until the fever has subsided, isolation to protect others from the infection, and warm throat irrigations or gargles with a mild antiseptic solution. Antibiotics or sulfonamides or both are prescribed in severe infections to prevent complications.

      The complications of acute streptococcal tonsillitis are proportional to the severity of the infection. The infection may extend upward into the nose, sinuses, and ears or downward into the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. Locally, virulent bacteria may spread from the infected tonsil to the adjoining tissues, resulting in a peritonsillar abscess. More serious are two distant complications—acute nephritis (Bright disease) (kidney inflammation) and acute rheumatic fever, with or without heart involvement. Repeated acute infections may cause chronic inflammation of the tonsils, evidenced by tonsillar enlargement, repeated or persistent sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. The treatment in this case is surgical removal (tonsillectomy). Scarlet fever, diphtheria and trench mouth (Vincent gingivitis) may also produce acute tonsillitis. In diphtheria the tonsils are covered with a thick, whitish, adherent membrane; in trench mouth, with a grayish membrane that wipes off readily.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tonsillitis — Ton sil*li tis, n. (Med.) Inflammation of the tonsils; same as {tonsilitis}. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tonsillitis — (n.) also tonsilitis, 1801, from TONSIL (Cf. tonsil) + ITIS (Cf. itis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • tonsillitis — ► NOUN ▪ inflammation of the tonsils …   English terms dictionary

  • tonsillitis — [tän΄sə līt′is] n. [ModL < L tonsillae, tonsils + itis, ITIS] inflammation of the tonsils tonsillitic [tän΄səlit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Tonsillitis — Tonsilitis Classification and external resources A culture positive case of Streptococcal pharyngitis with typical tonsillar exudate ICD …   Wikipedia

  • Tonsillitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 J03 Akute Tonsillitis J03.0 Streptokokken Tonsillitis J03.8 A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tonsillitis — Tonsilitis Ton sil*i tis, n. [NL. See {Tonsil}, and { itis}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the tonsils; quinsy. [Written also, and more usually, {tonsillitis}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tonsillitis — Inflammation of the of a tonsil, typically as a result of infection by either a virus or bacteria. * * * Inflammation of a tonsil, especially of the palatine tonsil. [tonsil + G. itis, inflammation] lacunar t. inflammation of the mucous membrane …   Medical dictionary

  • Tonsillitis — Angina (fachsprachlich); Mandelentzündung * * * Ton|sil|li|tis 〈f.; , ti|den; Med.〉 Mandelentzündung [→ Tonsille] * * * Tonsillitis   die, /... tiden, die …   Universal-Lexikon

  • tonsillitis — ton|sil|li|tis [ˌtɔnsıˈlaıtıs US ˌta:n ] n [U] an infection of the tonsils ▪ Sam s got tonsillitis …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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