Tonle Sap

/ton"lay sahp'/
a lake in W Cambodia, draining into the Mekong River.

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Lake, western Cambodia.

The largest freshwater body in mainland Southeast Asia, it receives several tributaries as well as the floodwaters of the Mekong River. During the rainy season its area increases from 1,000 sq mi (2,600 sq km) to about 9,500 sq mi (25,000 sq km). At low water it is little more than a reed-infested swamp, with channels for fishing craft. A large carp-breeding and carp-harvesting industry there supports numerous floating fishing villages. The ruins of Angkor lie near its northwestern shore.

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Khmer  Bœng Tônlé Sab 
  natural floodplain reservoir, central Cambodia. The lake is drained during the dry season by the Sab River (Tônlé Sab) across the Véal Pôc plain southeastward to the Mekong River. Called by the French Grand Lac (“Great Lake”), the lake is fed by numerous erratic tributaries and also by the Srêng and Sên rivers, which are perennial northern tributaries. During the June-to-November monsoonal regime, the swollen Mekong reverses the southeastward flow of the Sab River, which increases Tonle Sap's area from about 1,050 square miles (2,700 square km) to about 4,000 square miles (10,360 square km); its depth also increases from 3–10 feet (0.9–3 m) to 30–45 feet (9–14 m), permitting vessels with 9 feet (3 m) of draft to navigate it up through the various tributaries, on which are situated the towns of Kâmpóng Thum (Kompong Thom), Siĕmréab, Bătdâmbâng (Battambang), and Poŭthĭsăt (Pursat). During the rainy season the lake's width increases from about 22 miles (35 km) to 65 miles (105 km). At low water it is little more than a reed-infested swamp, with channels for fishing craft. The lake, the largest freshwater body in Southeast Asia, supports a large carp-breeding and carp-harvesting industry, with numerous floating fishing villages inhabited largely by ethnic Vietnamese. The fermented and salted fish are staples of the Cambodian diet.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tonle Sap — Tonlé Sap Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sap. 13°1′16″N 103°55′21″E / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tonlé-Sap — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sap. 13°1′16″N 103°55′21″E / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tonle Sap — Tonle Sap,   See im Westen Kambodschas, in dem Becken zwischen der Dangrek Kette (im Norden) und dem Kardamomgebirge; steht durch den 110 km langen Fluss Tonle Sap mit dem Mekong in Verbindung, zu dem er von Mitte Oktober bis Anfang Juni… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tonle Sap — bezeichnet den Tonle Sap (See), den größten See Südostasiens, in Kambodscha gelegen Tonle Sap (Fluss), der aus dem See gleichen Namens gespeist wird 28px Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tonlé Sap — lac du Cambodge, dans la cuvette située entre les monts Dang Rêk et la chaîne des Cardamomes. Sa superficie varie de 2 700 à 10 000 km² et il régularise le débit du Mékong: en été, saison des pluies, il reçoit les eaux du fleuve en crue; de nov.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tonle Sap — [tän′lā säp′, sap′] 1. lake in central Cambodia: area varies from 1,000 9,500 sq mi (2,590 24,605 sq km) according to season 2. river flowing from this lake into the Mekong River: c. 70 mi (113 km) …   English World dictionary

  • Tonlé Sap — Infobox lake lake name = Tonlé Sap image lake = Tonlesap.jpg caption lake = NASA satellite image image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = coords = coord|12|53|N|104|04|E|type:waterbody region:KH|display=inline,title type = inflow =… …   Wikipedia

  • Tonlé Sap — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sap. Tonlé Sap Topographie du Cambodge : l importance du Tonle Sap est visible …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tonlé Sap — El lago constituye uno de los principales medios de transporte en la Camboya central. El Lago Sap (Tonlé Sap) se encuentra en Camboya y tiene una extensión de 2.590 km², que puede llegar hasta los 24.605 durante la estación de las lluvias.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tonlé Sap — (Bœng Tônlé Sab) ► Lago del centro O de Camboya, unido al río Mekong; 10 000 km2 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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