Thespis

/thes"pis/, n.
fl. 6th century B.C., Greek poet.

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flourished 6th century BC, Athens

Greek poet, often considered the "inventor of tragedy.

" He is the first recorded winner (с 534 BC) of a prize for tragedy at the Great Dionysia, a drama festival. According to the rhetorician Themistius, Aristotle said that tragedy in its earliest stage was entirely choral until the prologue and speeches were first introduced by Thespis. Thespis, according to Themistius's account, was thus the first "actor," and tragic dialogue began when he exchanged words with the leader of the chorus.

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▪ Greek poet
flourished 6th century BC, Athens

      Greek poet, said to have been born in the deme (district) of Icaria. According to ancient tradition, Thespis was the first actor in Greek drama. He was often called the inventor of tragedy, and his name was recorded as the first to stage a tragedy at the Great (or City) Dionysia (Great Dionysia) (c. 534 BC). Scholars differ on the scanty evidence about Thespis and his role in the development of Greek drama. According to the Greek rhetorician Themistius (4th century AD), Aristotle said that tragedy was entirely choral until Thespis introduced the prologue and the internal speeches. If so, Thespis was the first to interweave choral song with an actor's speeches, and tragic dialogue began when the actor (Thespis) exchanged words with the leader of the chorus (choragus). The four titles and five fragments attributed to Thespis are probably not authentic.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thespis — of Icaria (present day Icaria) (6th century BC) is claimed to be the first person ever to appear on stage as an actor in a play, although the reality is undoubtedly more complex. In other sources, he is said to have introduced the first actor in… …   Wikipedia

  • Thespis — d’Icare (en grec : Θέσπις, né en 580) poète et dramaturge de la Grèce antique, est considéré comme le plus ancien tragique grec, et le premier acteur[1]. En 550 Thespis introduit en Attique un genre mi religieux, mi littéraire où se mêlent… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thespis — (* 6. Jahrhundert v. Chr. in Ikaria, Attika) war einer der ersten griechischen Tragödiendichter, Theaterleiter und Schauspieler in Athen. Er galt bereits in der Antike als Erfinder des Dramas, speziell der Tragödie. Leben Bei den großen Dionysien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • THESPIS — ex Icaria Atticae civitate, primus poeta Tragicus, et qui personas invenit. Floruit tempore Solonis, diog. Laert. vel Olymp. 61. secundum Suidam. Lil. Giraldus, in Hist. Poet. Horatius, ad Pisones, de Arte, v. 275. Ignotum Tragicae genus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Thespis [1] — Thespis, griechischer Dichter aus Ikaria (Attika), nm die Mitte des 6. Jahrh. v. Chr. Er war der erste, welcher der Tragödie (s.d.) ihre dramatische Form gab, indem er an den Dionysien einen von dem Chor verschiedenen Schauspieler aufführte,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thespis [2] — Thespis (T. De C.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Compositae Asteroideae; Arten: ostindische jährige Pflanzen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thespis — Thespis, aus Ikaria in Attika, um 536 v. Chr., galt den Griechen als Begründer der Tragödie, indem er dem dithyrambischen Chor einen Schauspieler hinzufügte. Der sprichwörtliche Thespiskarren für wandelnde Bühnen beruht vielleicht auf der irrigen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thespis — Thespis, ein Athener, führte 534 v. Chr. die erste Tragödie auf, indem er zu den alten Dionysischen Chören einen mit dem Chor redenden Schauspieler schuf, gilt deshalb als Begründer der Tragödie; soll seine Stücke von einem Wagen herab aufgeführt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thespis — Thespis, Athener um 540 v. Chr., von dem der Sage nach die rohen Anfänge der Tragödie ausgingen; seine wandernde Bühne soll ein Karren gewesen sein. Daher noch heute bildlich: am T. karren ziehen = Schauspieler sein …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Thespis — [thes′pis] 6th cent. B.C.; Gr. poet: traditionally the originator of Gr. tragedy …   English World dictionary

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