- —Theophrastian /thee'euh fras"cheuhn/, adj./thee'euh fras"teuhs/, n.372?-287 B.C., Greek philosopher.
* * *▪ Greek philosopherborn c. 372 BC, , Eresus, Lesbosdied c. 287Greek Peripatetic philosopher and pupil of Aristotle. He studied at Athens under Aristotle, and when Aristotle was forced to retire in 323 he became the head of the Lyceum, the academy in Athens founded by Aristotle. Under Theophrastus the enrollment of pupils and auditors rose to its highest point.Theophrastus was one of the few Peripatetics who fully embraced Aristotle's philosophy in all areas of metaphysics, physics, physiology, zoology, botany, ethics, politics, and history of culture. His general tendency was to strengthen the systematic unity of those subjects and to reduce the transcendental or Platonic elements of Aristotelianism as a whole. Of his few surviving works, the most important are Peri phytōn historia (“Inquiry into Plants”) and Peri phytōn aitiōn (“Growth of Plants”), comprising nine and six books, respectively. Of dubious origin are the smaller treatises attributed to him on fire, winds, signs of weather, scents, sensations, and other subjects. His notable Charaktēres (many English translations) consists of 30 brief and vigorous character sketches delineating moral types derived from studies that Aristotle had made for ethical and rhetorical purposes; this work later formed the basis for the masterpiece of Jean de La Bruyère, Les Caractères . . . (1699). In his ethical teachings, famous because of the assaults of the Stoic philosophers, Theophrastus reiterated Aristotle's notion of a plurality of virtues with their relative vices and acknowledged a certain importance to external goods, which the Stoics held were mere luxuries for human life.Among Theophrastus' other works is the Physikōn doxai (“Opinions of Natural Philosophers”). As reconstructed by Herman Diels in Doxographi Graeci (1879), it provides a foundation for the history of ancient philosophy.
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Theophrastus — Statue of Theophrastus, Orto botanico di Palermo Full name Theophrastus Born c. 371 BC Eresos Died c. 287 BC … Wikipedia
Theophrástus — Theophrástus, griech. Philosoph, geb. um 372 v. Chr. zu Eresos auf Lesbos, der bedeutendste Schüler des Aristoteles, gest. 287 als Haupt der Peripatetischen Schule zu Athen, bes. bekannt durch seine »Ethici characteres« (hg. von der Philolog.… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Theophrastus — [thē΄ə fras′təs] [L < Gr Theophrastos < theos (see THEO ) + phrazein, to speak, plan, observe, guard: hence, lit., ? divinely protected] 372? 287? B.C.; Gr. philosopher & natural scientist … English World dictionary
Theophrastus — (c. 372 bc– 287 bc) Greek botanist and philosopher Theophrastus, who was born at Eresus on Lesbos (now in Greece), attended the Academy at Athens as a pupil of Plato. After Plato s death he joined Aristotle and became his chief assistant when… … Scientists
THEOPHRASTUS — I. THEOPHRASTUS Archon Athenis, Olymp. 110. An. 1. II. THEOPHRASTUS Philosophus ex Eresso Lesbi oppido sic vocatus ob vocis et eloquentiae suavitatem quasi divinam, quum antea Tyrtamus vocaretur. Strabo, l. 13. Τύρταμος δ᾿ ἐκαλεῖτα πρότερον ὁ… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Theophrastus — biographical name circa 372 circa 287 B.C. Greek philosopher & naturalist … New Collegiate Dictionary
Theophrastus — Theophrast ist der Name folgender Personen: Theophrastos von Eresos (um 371 v. Chr.–287 v. Chr.), griechischer Philosoph und Naturforscher in der Antike Paracelsus (1493–1541), geboren als Theophrast von Hohenheim, mitteleuropäischer Arzt in der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Theophrastus — (c. 370– c. 288 BC) A pupil and collaborator of Aristotle s, and his successor as the head of the Peripatetics . Although he was an influential teacher and an energetic writer, few of his works have survived. His philosophy differed from that of… … Philosophy dictionary
Theophrastus — See Ionians ( … History of philosophy
THEOPHRASTUS — a peripatetic philosopher, born in Lesbos; pupil, heir, and successor of Aristotle, and the great interpreter and expounder of his philosophy; was widely famous in his day; his writings were numerous, but only a few are extant, on plants,… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia