- —Theocritean /thee ok'ri tee"euhn/, Theocritan, adj./thee ok"ri teuhs/, n.fl. c270 B.C., Greek poet.
* * *died 260 BCGreek poet.Little is known of his life. His surviving poems consist of bucolics and mimes, set in the country, and epics, lyrics, and epigrams, set in towns. The bucolics, his most characteristic and influential works, introduced the pastoral convention into poetry and were the sources of Virgil's Eclogues and much Renaissance poetry and drama. Theocritus's best-known idylls include Thyrsis, a lament for Daphnis, the shepherd poet of mythology, and Thalysia ("Harvest Festival"), which presents the poet's friends and rivals in the guise of rustics.
* * *▪ Greek poetborn c. 300 BC, Syracuse, Sicily [Italy]died after 260 BCGreek poet, the creator of pastoral (pastoral literature) poetry. His poems were termed eidyllia (“idylls (idyll)”), a diminutive of eidos, which may mean “little poems.”There are no certain facts as to Theocritus's life beyond those supplied by the idylls themselves. Certainly he lived in Sicily and at various times in Cos and Alexandria and perhaps in Rhodes. The surviving poems by Theocritus that are generally held to be authentic comprise bucolics (pastoral poetry), mimes with either rural or urban settings, brief poems in epic or lyric metres, and epigrams.The bucolics are the most characteristic and influential of Theocritus's works. They introduced the pastoral setting in which shepherds wooed nymphs and shepherdesses and held singing contests with their rivals. They were the sources of Virgil's Eclogues and much of the poetry and drama of the Renaissance and were the ancestors of the famous English pastoral elegies, John Milton's “Lycidas,” Percy Bysshe Shelley's “Adonais,” and Matthew Arnold's “Thyrsis.” Among the best known of his idylls are Thyrsis (Idyll 1), a lament for Daphnis, the original shepherd poet, who died of unrequited love; Cyclops, a humorous depiction of ugly Polyphemus vainly wooing the sea nymph Galatea; and Thalysia (“Harvest Home,” Idyll 7), describing a festival on the island of Cos. In this the poet speaks in the first person and introduces contemporary friends and rivals in the guise of rustics.Theocritus's idylls have none of the artificial prettiness of the pastoral poetry of a later age. They have been criticized as attributing to peasants sentiments and language beyond their capacity, but Theocritus's realism was intentionally partial and selective. He was not trying to write documentaries of peasant life. Even so, comparison with modern Greek folk songs, which owe little to literary influences, reveals striking resemblances between them and Theocritus's bucolics, and there can be little doubt that both derive from real life.Additional ReadingTexts are in A.S.F. Gow (ed. and trans.), Theocritus, 2nd ed., 2 vol. (1952); and Theocritus: A Selection, ed. by Richard Hunter (1999). Analytical works include Steven F. Walker, Theocritus (1980); David M. Halperin, Before Pastoral: Theocritus and the Ancient Tradition of Bucolic Poetry (1983); Kathryn J. Gutzwiller, Theocritus' Pastoral Analogies: The Formation of a Genre (1991); Joan B. Burton, Theocritus's Urban Mimes: Mobility, Gender, and Patronage (1995); and Richard Hunter, Theocritus and the Archaeology of Greek Poetry (1996).
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Theocritus — (Greek: Θεόκριτος), the creator of ancient Greek bucolic poetry, flourished in the 3rd century BC.LifeLittle is known of him beyond what can be inferred from his writings. We must, however, handle these with some caution, since some of the poems… … Wikipedia
Theocritus — [thē ä′kri təs] 3d cent. B.C.; Gr. poet … English World dictionary
THEOCRITUS — I. THEOCRITUS Sciô oriundus, Orator et Sophista, discipulus Menodori. Scripsit Epistolas maximi aestimatas, et Libyae hisloriam, Suid. Strabo, l. 14. Olymp. 94. An idem cum eo, cuius Fulgentius meminit, Mythol. l. 1? Vitam illius scripsit Ambrion … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Theocritus — Theokritos (um 270 v. Chr.) war als griechischer Dichter Schöpfer und Hauptvertreter der bukolischen Poesie der Griechen. Er wurde in Syrakus oder Kós geboren und lebte in Alexandria, Kos und Syrakus. Unter seinem Namen sind außer einer Anzahl… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Theocritus, S. — S. Theocritus. Bischof von Bourges, findet sich bei Miane angegeben … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Theocritus — biographical name circa 310 250 B.C. Greek poet … New Collegiate Dictionary
Theocritus — The•oc•ri•tus [[t]θiˈɒk rɪ təs[/t]] n. big fl. c270 b.c., Greek poet … From formal English to slang
Theocritus — /θiˈɒkrətəs/ (say thee okruhtuhs) noun fl. c. 270 BC, Greek pastoral poet … Australian English dictionary
Theocritus — Theocritean /thee ok ri tee euhn/, Theocritan, adj. /thee ok ri teuhs/, n. fl. c270 B.C., Greek poet … Useful english dictionary
Theocritus (Byzanz) — Theocritus (griechisch Θεόκριτος; † Juli 518 in Konstantinopel) war ein oströmischer Thronprätendent. Johannes Malalas zufolge beabsichtigte der praepositus sacri cubiculi und Eunuch Amantius, nach dem Tod Anastasios I. den domesticus… … Deutsch Wikipedia