Tewkesbury

/toohks"ber'ee, -beuh ree, -bree, tyoohks"-/, n.
a town in N Gloucestershire, in W England: final defeat of the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses 1471. 79,500.

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      town (“parish”), Tewkesbury borough, administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, England, at the confluence of the Severn and Warwickshire Avon rivers. A small Benedictine abbey was founded in 715 on the site of the present Abbey Church of St. Mary's. The later medieval abbey was consecrated in 1123 and rebuilt after a fire in 1178; considerable additions were made in the 15th century. At the time of the dissolution of the monasteries (1536–39), the choir, transepts, and square Norman tower of the abbey were purchased by the townsfolk, but much of the remainder of the building was destroyed.

      The feudal earls of Gloucester made Tewkesbury a free borough in the 12th century, and the royal charter of liberties granted in 1698 remains in force. In 1471, during the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Tewkesbury (Tewkesbury, Battle of) was an important Yorkist victory. Among buildings of architectural interest is the Black Bear (1308), perhaps the oldest inn in Gloucestershire; another inn, the Hop Pole, is mentioned in The Pickwick Papers by the 19th-century novelist Charles Dickens.

      Tewkesbury, reputedly famous for mustard in William Shakespeare's day, is a centre for boating and angling, especially on the slow-flowing Avon. The town's main industries are flour milling, engineering, and boatbuilding. Pop. (2001) 10,016.

      borough (district), administrative county of Gloucestershire, England, north of the city of Gloucester. Most of the borough belongs to the historic county of Gloucestershire, but the villages of Teddington and Chaceley and the surrounding areas belong to the historic county of Worcestershire. The borough covers mainly low-lying land along the River Severn but extends east into the northwestern reaches of the Cotswolds. The borough is predominantly rural and has 54 parishes, the largest of which is the town of Tewkesbury. The borough adjoins and very nearly surrounds both Gloucester and the borough of Cheltenham. The M5 motorway passes through the borough. Area 160 square miles (414 square km). Pop. (2001) 76,394.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tewkesbury —   [ tjuːksbərɪ], Stadt in der County Gloucestershire, Südwestengland, an der Mündung des Avon in den Severn, 9 400 Einwohner.   Stadtbild:   Die Kirche Saint Mary (1121 geweiht) ist eine romanische Querhausbasilika mit normannischem Turm; im Chor …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — (spr. Tjuhksberi), Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Gloucester, am Avon u. Saverne u. an der Eisenbahn von Birmingham nach Gloucester; Abtei mit Grabmälern verschiedener Plantagenets, Brücke mit einem Bogen von 179 F. Spannung, Fabrikation von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — (spr. tjūksbĕrĭ), Stadt (municipal borough) in Gloucestershire (England), am Zusammenfluß des Avon und des Severn, hat eine schöne normannische Abteikirche (1874–79 restauriert, Grabstätte des 1477 ermordeten Herzogs von Clarence und seiner… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — (spr. tjúhksbörrĭ), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Gloucester, am Zusammenfluß des Severn und Upper Avon, (1901) 5419 E., normann. Kirche …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — [to͞oks′ber΄ē, tyo͞oks′ber΄ē; to͞oks′bə rē, tyo͞oks′bə rē] town in N Gloucestershire, England, on the Severn: site of a battle (1471) in the Wars of the Roses, reestablishing Edward IV on the English throne: pop. (1981 census) 9,600 …   English World dictionary

  • Tewkesbury — infobox UK place country = England official name= Tewkesbury latitude= 51.98634 longitude= 2.16159 population= 10,016 (2001 Census) shire district= Tewkesbury shire county= Gloucestershire region= South West England constituency westminster=… …   Wikipedia

  • Tewkesbury — 51.9925 2.1575 Koordinaten: 52° 0′ N, 2° 9′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tewkesbury —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Stoneham et Tewkesbury. Le Tewkesbury War Memorial, localement connu sous le nom de « the Cross » …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tewkesbury — This English locational surname is recorded in a number of different spellings including Tewkesbury, Tukesbury, Tewkesberry, Tewkesberrie, and Tukesby. It originates from the small town of Tewkesbury in Worcestershire. The placename, and hence… …   Surnames reference

  • Tewkesbury — Original name in latin Tewkesbury Name in other language T juksberi, Tewkesbury, Theoci Curia, Tjuksburi, Тьюксбери, Тюксбъри State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.99453 latitude 2.15681 altitude 18 Population 10200 Date 2011 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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