terza rima

/tert"seuh ree"meuh/; It. /terdd"tsah rddee"mah/, Pros.
an Italian form of iambic verse consisting of eleven-syllable lines arranged in tercets, the middle line of each tercet rhyming with the first and last lines of the following tercet.
[1810-20; < It: third rhyme]

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Verse form consisting of tercets, or three-line stanzas, in which the second line of each rhymes with the first and third lines of the next.

The series ends with a separate line that rhymes with the second line of the last stanza, so that the rhyme scheme is aba, bcb, cdc, ..., yzy, z. Dante, in The Divine Comedy (с 1310–14), was the first to use terza rima in a long poem. A demanding form, it has not been widely adopted in languages less rich in rhymes than Italian. It was introduced into England by Thomas Wyat in the 16th century. Poets who have experimented with terza rima include Percy B. Shelley, Robert Browning, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and W.H. Auden; Derek Walcott's book-length Omeros is written in modified terza rima.

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▪ poetic form
      Italian verse form consisting of stanzas of three lines (tercets); the first and third lines rhyming with one another and the second rhyming with the first and third of the following tercet. The series ends with a line that rhymes with the second line of the last stanza, so that the rhyme scheme is aba, bcb, cdc, . . . , yzy, z. The metre is often iambic pentameter.

      Dante, in his Divine Comedy (written c. 1310–14), was the first to use terza rima for a long poem, though a similar form had been previously used by the troubadours. After Dante, terza rima was favoured in 14th-century Italy, especially for allegorical and didactic poetry, by Petrarch and Boccaccio, and in the 16th century for satire and burlesque, notably by Ariosto. A demanding form, terza rima has not been widely adopted in languages less rich in rhymes than Italian. It was introduced in England by Sir Thomas Wyatt (Wyatt, Sir Thomas) in the 16th century. Many 19th-century Romantic poets such as Shelley (“Ode to the West Wind”), Byron, Elizabeth and Robert Browning, and Longfellow experimented with it. In the 20th century, W.H. Auden used terza rima for The Sea and the Mirror, and Archibald MacLeish in “Conquistador,” but with many deviations from the strict form.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • terza rima — ● terza rima nom féminin (italien terza rima, rime tiercée) Dans la versification italienne, rimes ordonnées par groupes de trois vers, de telle sorte que chaque groupe comprenne deux vers rimant ensemble, qui embrassent un troisième du groupe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Terza rima — is a rhyming verse stanza form that consists of an interlocking three line rhyme scheme. It was first used by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri.FormTerza rima is a three line stanza using chain rhyme in the pattern a b a, b c b, c d c, d e d.… …   Wikipedia

  • terza rima —    Terza rima is a verse form invented by DANTE for use in his DIVINE COMEDY in the early 14th century. The form consists of a series of tercets (three line stanzas) rhyming aba bcb cdc ded etc., all in hendecasyllabic, or 11 syllable, lines.… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Terza rima — Ter za ri ma [It., a third or triple rhyme.] A peculiar and complicated system of versification, borrowed by the early Italian poets from the Troubadours. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • terza\ rima — [ tɛrtsarima; tɛrdza ] n. f. • 1837; mots it., proprt « troisième rime » ♦ Hist. littér. Type de poème composé de tercets dont le premier et le troisième vers riment ensemble, tandis que le second fournit les rimes extrêmes du tercet suivant (a,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • terza rima — 1819, from It., lit. third rhyme, Dante s measure, a b a b c b c d c , etc …   Etymology dictionary

  • terza rima — [tert΄sə rē′mə] n. [It, lit., third rhyme < L tertia,THIRD + Fr rime: see RHYME] a verse form of Italian origin, made up of tercets, the second line of each tercet rhyming with the first and third lines of the next one (aba, bcb, cdc, etc.) …   English World dictionary

  • Terza rima — D’origine italienne, Martin Saint René pensait que la terza rima était la forme la plus vibrante de la poésie. Son œuvre maîtresse (la traduction de la Divine Comédie de Dante) est entièrement écrite en terza rima et suit l’œuvre de l’auteur au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Terza Rima — Die Terzine (italienisch terza rima) ist eine aus Italien stammende Gedichtform. Sie wurde von Dante Alighieri erfunden und bildet das Versschema der Göttlichen Komödie . Terzinen bestehen aus drei Verszeilen, die im Kettenreimschema aba bcb cdc… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • terza rima — (tèr tsa ri ma) s. f. Système de versification employé par les premiers poëtes italiens, par Dante et Pétrarque, dans leurs grands poëmes. Ce système consistait à couper le chant en tercets ou stances de trois vers. Mais, bien que le sens fût… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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