tendon

/ten"deuhn/, n.
1. Anat. a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew.
2. a reinforcing strand in prestressed concrete.
[1535-45; < ML tendon- (s. of tendo) < Gk ténon sinew (sp. with -d- by association with L tendere to stretch)]

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Tissue attaching a muscle to other body parts, usually bones, to transmit the mechanical force of muscle contraction to the other part.

Much like ligaments, tendons are composed of dense, fibrous connective tissue with a high collagen content, which makes them remarkably tough and strong, with great tensile strength to withstand the stresses generated by muscle contraction.

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      tissue that attaches a muscle to other body parts, usually bones (bone). Tendons are the connective tissues (connective tissue) that transmit the mechanical force of muscle contraction to the bones; the tendon is firmly connected to muscle fibres at one end and to components of the bone at its other end. A tendon is composed of dense fibrous connective tissue made up primarily of spindle-shaped cells called fibrocytes and of collagenous (collagen) fibres. The tendon is attached to the bone by collagenous fibres (Sharpey fibres) that continue into the matrix of the bone. The composition of a tendon is similar to that of ligaments (ligament) and aponeuroses (aponeurosis). The great tensile strength of tendons, which is necessary to withstand the stresses generated by muscular contraction, is made possible by the large quantity of collagenous fibres, which are remarkably tough and strong.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • tendon — [ tɑ̃dɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1536; « mauvaise herbe » XIVe; du lat. médiév. tendo, inis, p. ê. du gr. tenôn, ontos, avec infl. de tendre ♦ Structure conjonctive fibreuse, blanche nacrée, par laquelle un muscle s insère sur un os. ⇒ nerf (I, 1o vx). « Sa… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tendon — Tendon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tendon — TENDÓN, tendoane, s.n. (anat.) Fascicul subţire, fibros, de culoare albă, format din ţesut conjunctiv foarte rezistent, cu ajutorul căruia muşchii se fixează pe oase. – Din fr. tendon. Trimis de claudia, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  TENDÓN s. v.… …   Dicționar Român

  • tendón — m. anat. Estructura en forma de cinta o cordón constituido por tejido conjuntivo cuya función es insertar un músculo en un hueso o sostener algún órgano. Medical Dictionary. 2011. tendón …   Diccionario médico

  • tendón — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: anatomía, anatomía Haz de tejido con estructura fibrosa que une el músculo al hueso. tendón de Aquiles Tendón de la parte posterior e inferior de la pierna que une el talón con la pantorrilla: Se ha lesionado el… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Tendon — Ten don, n. [F., fr. L. tendere to stretch, extend. See {Tend} to move.] (Anat.) A tough insensible cord, bundle, or band of fibrous connective tissue uniting a muscle with some other part; a sinew. [1913 Webster] {Tendon reflex} (Physiol.), a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tendon — Tendon. s. m. La queüe du muscle. Le tendon d un gros muscle. le Chirurgien en le saignant luy a piqué le tendon …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • tendon — 1540s, from M.L. tendonem (nom. tendo), altered (by influence of L. tendere to stretch ) of L.L. tenon, from Gk. tenon (gen. tenontos) tendon, sinew, from teinein to stretch (see TENET (Cf. tenet)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • tendón — (De tender). 1. m. Anat. Cada uno de los órganos formados por tejido fibroso, en los que las fibras están dispuestas en haces paralelos entre sí. Son de color blanco y brillante, muy resistentes a la tracción y tienen la forma de cordones, a… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • tendon — ► NOUN 1) a flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous tissue attaching a muscle to a bone. 2) the hamstring of a four legged mammal. ORIGIN Greek ten n sinew , from teinein to stretch …   English terms dictionary

  • tendon — [ten′dən] n. [ML tendo, altered (infl. by L tendere, to stretch) < Gr tenōn, sinew < teinein, to stretch: see THIN] any of the inelastic cords of tough, fibrous connective tissue in which muscle fibers end and by which muscles are attached… …   English World dictionary

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