Tasman

/taz"meuhn/; Du. /tahs"mahn'/, n.
Abel Janszoon /ah"beuhl yahn"sohn/, 1602?-59, Dutch navigator and explorer.

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(as used in expressions)
Tasman Abel Janszoon

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      unitary authority, northwestern South Island, central New Zealand. It is bounded by Tasman and Golden bays and Nelson city on the northeast. Administratively, it is bordered by Marlborough unitary authority and Canterbury regional council on the east and by West Coast regional council on the south and west. The authority is drained by the Buller (Buller River), Motueka, and Aorere rivers and their tributaries. Rotoroa is the largest lake. Most of the authority is more than 3,000 feet (900 metres) in elevation and largely inaccessible, since it is dissected by the Tasman, Wakamarama, Peel, and Arthur mountain ranges.

      In 1642 the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman (Tasman, Abel Janszoon) anchored west of Separation Point in Golden Bay. His encounter there with the Maori was a tragic one, and Tasman sailed away naming the area Murderers' Bay. In 1770 Capt. James Cook (Cook, James) sailed past Golden Bay beyond Separation Point into Tasman Bay; the latter appeared landlocked, and Cook named it Blind Bay. In 1772–73 Cook returned to Blind Bay and renamed it Tasman Bay, mistaking it for Tasman's Murderers' Bay. In 1827 J.-S.-C. Dumont d'Urville (Dumont d'Urville, Jules-Sébastien-César) reached Tasman Bay; from that time the nucleus of European settlement was the lowlands south of Tasman Bay. The authority's early development included small-scale farming and timber milling with sporadic coal mining. Gold was found in Buller Gorge in 1859.

      Subsequently the mining of asbestos, clay, limestone, and coal became important in the locality. Intensive cultivation of tobacco, fruits, and vegetables is carried on in the valleys and lowland areas. The authority's industries are predominantly rural in nature and include food processing and packaging, manufacture of pulp and paper, sawmilling, and vehicle repair.

      The valleys and lowlands in the north contain most of the authority's population, with the major towns being Motueka, Richmond, Wakefield, Riwaka, and Collingwood. Abel Tasman (Abel Tasman National Park) and Nelson Lakes (Nelson Lakes National Park) national parks are recreational resources in the region. The only major road traverses the Buller River valley (east to west), connecting Westport (west) with Nelson city and Motueka (east). Area 3,773 square miles (9,771 square km). Pop. (2006) 48,306.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Tasman — (izg. tàsman), Abel Janszoon (1603? 1659?) DEFINICIJA najveći nizozemski moreplovac i istraživač, otkrio Tasmaniju, Novi Zeland, Bismarckov arhipelag, otočje Tonga i Fiji, istraživao Indijski ocean i J Pacifik …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Tasman [1] — Tasman, Abel Janssen, Holländer, kam mit holländischen Schiffen als Capitän nach Ostindien, kreuzte lange in den Meeren von China u. Japan u. führte, 1642 von van Diemen, dem holländischen Gouverneur von Batavia, beauftragt, mit zwei Schiffen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tasman — Tasman, Abel Janszoon, holländ. Seefahrer, geb. 1602 oder 1603 in Lutgegast (Groningen), gest. 1659 in Batavia, fuhr im Auftrag van Diemens, des Gouverneurs von Batavia, 1642 mit zwei Schiffen über Mauritius um Australien herum, entdeckte dabei… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tasman — Tasman, Abel Janszoon, holländ. Seefahrer, geb. 1602 oder 1603 zu Lutgegast in Groningen, entdeckte 1642 43 auf einer Fahrt von Batavia aus Tasmania, Neuseeland, die Freundschaftsinseln, die Fidschiinseln, Neu Irland und Neubritannien, gest. 1659 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tasman — Tasman, Abel, holländ. Seefahrer, entdeckte um die Mitte des 17. Jahrh. Vandiemensland, Neuseeland und andere australische Inseln; seit 1855 heißt Vandiemensland officiell T.ia …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tasman — Tasman, Abel Janszoon …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tasman — (Abel Janszoon) (1603 1659) navigateur hollandais. En 1642, il découvrit la terre de Van Diemen (nommée Tasmanie en 1853), l île du sud de la Nouvelle Zélande, les Tonga et les Fidji …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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