tarpon

/tahr"peuhn/, n., pl. tarpons, (esp. collectively) tarpon.
a large, powerful game fish, Megalops atlantica, inhabiting the warmer waters of the Atlantic Ocean, having a compressed body and large, silvery scales.
[1675-85; earlier tarpum, trapham, terbum, of uncert. orig.; cf. D tarpoen; words in various Indian languages of Central America (Miskito tapam, Sumo tahpam, Rama tápum, Paya ta'pam) prob. ult. < E]

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Any of certain marine fish (family Megalopidae) having an elongated last dorsal fin ray and a bony throat plate between the sides of the protruding lower jaw.

The scales are large, thick, and silvery. The Atlantic tarpon (Tarpon atlanticus or Megalops atlanticus) is found inshore in warm parts of the Atlantic Ocean, on the Pacific Ocean side of Central America, and sometimes in rivers. It habitually breaks the water's surface and gulps air. It grows to 6 ft (1.8 m) and 100 lb (45 kg) or larger and is a favourite game fish. The Pacific tarpon (M. cyprinoides) is similar.

Young Atlantic tarpon (Tarpon atlanticus)

By courtesy of Miami Seaquarium

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fish
 any of certain marine fish of the family Megalopidae (order Elopiformes), related to the bonefish and the ladyfish and identified by the elongated last dorsal fin ray and the bony throat plate between the sides of the protruding lower jaw. The scales are large, thick, and silvery.

      The Atlantic tarpon (Tarpon atlanticus, alternate name Megalops atlanticus) is found inshore in warm parts of the Atlantic, on the Pacific side of Central America, and sometimes in rivers. Also called silver king, grand écaille, and sabalo real, it habitually breaks water and gulps air. It regularly grows to 1.8 m (6 feet) and 45.4 kg (100 pounds) or larger and is a favourite game fish. The largest recorded catches weigh more than 136 kg. The Pacific tarpon, M. cyprinoides, is similar.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tarpon — [ tarpɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1907; mot angl., d o. i. ♦ Gros poisson marin très primitif (élopiformes) de l Atlantique tropical, recherché pour ses écailles. ● tarpon nom masculin (anglais tarpon) Grand poisson osseux primitif des eaux côtières et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tarpon — TARPÓN s. m. peşte mare, argintiu, necomestibil, din vestul Oc. Atlantic. (< fr. tarpon) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • tarpon — [tär′pən, tär′pän΄] n. pl. tarpons or tarpon [< ?] any of a family (Megalopidae, order Elopiformes) of bony fishes; esp., a large, silvery game fish (Megalops atlanticus) with very large scales, found in the warmer parts of the W Atlantic …   English World dictionary

  • Tarpon — Tar pon, n. (Zo[ o]l.) Same as {Tarpum}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tarpon — (Silberkönig, Megalops thrissoides Bl. Schn), Fisch aus der Familie der Heringe, bis 2 m lang und 100 kg schwer, mit kleinen, bürstenförmigen Zähnen am Kiefer, Gaumen und Zunge, vorstehendem Unterkiefer und 8–9 cm messenden Schuppen mit starkem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • tarpon — large fish (Megalops atlanticus) of the herring family, 1680s, probably from a Native American word. Also called jew fish …   Etymology dictionary

  • tarpon — tàrpōn m <G tarpóna> DEFINICIJA zool. morska riba (Megalops atlantica), živi uz atlantske obale Floride, duga do 2 m, ponekad ulazi duboko u rijeke ETIMOLOGIJA nizoz. ← egz. (miskito tapam, sumo tapham) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Tarpon — Megalops Temporal range: Late Miocene to Present …   Wikipedia

  • Tarpon — Megalops Tarpon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tarpón — ► sustantivo masculino ZOOLOGÍA Pez clupeiforme de cuerpo alargado y comprimido y escamas plateadas, que es objeto de pesca deportiva. (Magalops atlanticus.) * * * Cualquiera de ciertos peces marinos (familia Megalopidae) que poseen el último… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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