Tanis

/tay"nis/, n.
an ancient city in Lower Egypt, in the Nile delta. Biblical, Zoan.

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Ancient city, Egypt.

Its remains are located in the Nile River delta. Capital of a province of Lower Egypt and, under the 21st and 22nd dynasties (с 1075–с 700 BC), of the whole country, it was important as one of the ports nearest to the Asian seaboard. In 1939 several intact royal tombs containing silver coffins, gold masks, and gold and silver jewelry were excavated within the ancient main temple enclosure.

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▪ ancient city, Egypt
biblical  Zoan , modern  Ṣān Al-Ḥajar Al-Qiblīyah 

      ancient city in the Nile River delta, capital of the 14th nome (province) of Lower Egypt and, at one time, of the whole country. The city was important as one of the nearest ports to the Asiatic seaboard. With the decline of Egypt's Asiatic empire in the late 20th dynasty, the capital was shifted from Per Ramessu, and about 1075 BC the 21st-dynasty pharaohs made Tanis their capital. A large temple of Amon was built, mainly with stone from the ruins of Per Ramessu. The Libyan pharaohs of the 22nd dynasty continued to reside at Tanis until the collapse of their shrinking domain before Shabaka, the Cushite founder of the 25th dynasty, in 712 BC. Tanis declined with Shabaka's shift of the royal capital to Memphis and with the rise of Pelusium 20 miles (32 km) to the east as the main eastern-frontier fortress and trade centre.

      In 1939 several intact royal tombs of the 21st and 22nd dynasty were excavated in the main temple enclosure in Tanis. Silver coffins, gold masks, and jewelry in gold and silver recall the burial of Tutankhamen, though they are not as rich. Moreover, the tombs and even the sarcophagi were reused material from earlier periods.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tanis — • A titular see, suffragan of Pelusium in Augustamnica Prima, capital of the fourteenth district of Lower Egypt Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Tanis     Tanis      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • TANIS — Les ruines de l’ancienne ville de Tanis, berceau des rois de la XXIe dynastie et dont le nom est à plusieurs reprises mentionné dans la Bible, forment un ensemble de 177 hectares; elles occupent le site actuel de Tell San el Hagar, près du lac… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • TANIS — unde Tanitis praefectura Plinio, l. 5. c. 9. Taphnis Ezechieli, c. 30. v. 18. urbs Aegypti inferioris apud ostium Taniticum, a Gigantibus condita et nominata teste Isidorô, ac Pharaonis quondam regia, ubi Moyses tot edidit signa. Tanes adhuc… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Tanis — Tanis, in der Bibel Zoan, Hauptstadt des Tanītes Romos u. einst Residenz der beiden Tanitischen Dynastien der ägyptischen Könige (s. Ägypten [Gesch.] I. A), in Unterägypten, an dem nach ihr benannten See (j. Menzaleh od. Baheire, mit vielen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tanis — (ägypt. Za ne, hebr. Zo an, arab. Sân), altägypt. Stadt im nordöstlichen Nildelta, deren zuerst von Mariette, dann 1883–84 von Flinders Petrie aufgedeckte Ruinen beim heutigen Fischerdorf Sân el Hager am Mu izz Kanal, der alten, nach T. benannten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tanis — Tanis, Stadt des alten Ägyptens, im NO. des Delta, bei dem heutigen Dorf San; Ruinen 1883 durch F. Petrie aufgedeckt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tanis — Tanis,   Djanet, größte Ruinenstätte im östlichen Nildelta, beim heutigen San el Hagar, 50 km südöstlich von Mansura; um die Mitte des 10. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. gegründet, Residenz und Begräbnisstätte der 21. und 22. Dynastie; in dem mit Ziegeln… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tanis — [tā′nis] city in ancient Egypt, in the Nile delta: probable capital of the Hyksos kings …   English World dictionary

  • Tanis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tanis (homonymie). Tanis Ville d Égypte antique Noms en égyptien ancien Djanet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tanis — For other uses, see Tanis (disambiguation). Tanis Tanis (Τάνις), the Greek name of ancient Djanet (modern صان الحجر Ṣān al Ḥaǧar), is …   Wikipedia

  • Tanis — Djanet in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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