tallage

/tal"ij/, n.
1. Medieval Hist. a tax paid by peasants to the lord of their manor.
2. a compulsory tax levied by the Norman and early Angevin kings of England upon the demesne lands of the crown and upon all royal towns.
[1250-1300; ME taillage < OF taill(ier) to cut, tax (see TAIL2) + ME -age -AGE]

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▪ European history
      in medieval Europe, a tax imposed by the lord of an estate upon his unfree tenants. In origin, both the amount and the frequency of levies was at the lord's discretion, but by the 13th century tallage on many estates had already become a fixed charge. In England, from the late 12th century, tallage had become established as the name of a royal tax levied on estates in the king's possession and on boroughs. The latter produced the major revenue from the tax, London's contribution alone often amounting to more than one-third of the whole. King John (reigned 1199–1216) levied tallages frequently, and the practice was attacked in the Magna Carta (1215). From the late 13th century, when borough representatives began to be summoned to Parliament, parliamentary taxation of boroughs and of the king's estates began to be preferred to tallage. The last royal tallage in England was taken in 1312.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tallage — or talliage (from the French tailler, i.e. a part cut out of the whole) may have signified at first any tax, but became in England and France a landuse or land tenure tax. Later in England it was further limited to assessments by the crown upon… …   Wikipedia

  • tallage — [ talaʒ ] n. m. • 1860; de taller ♦ Agric. 1 ♦ Ensemble des talles; quantité des tiges adventices produites par un pied (d une plante herbacée). Le tallage d une variété de blé. 2 ♦ Production des talles. Par ext. Phase de la pousse des céréales… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tallage — des plantes d orge Le tallage est une propriété de nombreuses espèces de poacées (graminées) qui leur permet de produire de multiples tiges à partir de la plantule initiale assurant ainsi la formation de touffes denses. Ce phénomène est favorisé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tallage — Tal lage, Talliage Tal li*age, n. [F. taillage. See {Taille}, and cf. {Tailage}.] (O. Eng. Law) A certain rate or tax paid by barons, knights, and inferior tenants, toward the public expenses. [Written also {tailage}, {taillage}.] [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tallage — Tal lage, v. t. To lay an impost upon; to cause to pay tallage. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tallage — [tal′ij] n. [ME taillage < OFr: see TAIL2 & AGE] in feudalism a) a tax levied by kings upon towns and crown lands b) a tax levied by a feudal lord upon his tenants vt. tallaged, tallaging to levy a tallage upon; …   English World dictionary

  • tallage — index assessment (levy), duty (tax) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • tallage — tallage, or tailage /taebj/teylaj/ A piece cut out of the whole. Used metaphorically for a share of a man s substance paid by way of tribute, toll, or tax, being derived from the French tailler, which signifies to cut a piece out of the whole. A… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Tallage — Tax imposed by both the Norman and the early *Plantagenet kings upon towns and *demesne lands of the crown. Royal tallages were sometimes imposed before parliament claimed its right of review of money matters. A *villein would also have to pay… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • tallage — (ta la j ) s. m. Quantité de tiges que donne une touffe ou pied d orge, de blé. Le tallage du blé, de l orge. •   En comptant, dans les expériences que j ai faites sur la récolte de cette année, la totalité des tiges mortes, grêles ou vigoureuses …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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