- 1. a member of a people living mainly in Tadzhikistan, as well as parts of Afghanistan and China.2. Also, Tajiki /tah"ji kee, tah jee"-/. the Iranian language spoken by the Tajiks, closely related to Persian but in Tadzhikistan written in the Cyrillic alphabet.
* * *▪ peoplealso spelled Tadzhikthe original Iranian population of Afghanistan and Turkistan. The Tajiks constitute almost four-fifths of the population of Tajikistan. In the early 21st century there were more than 5,200,000 Tajiks in Tajikistan and more than 1,000,000 in Uzbekistan. There were about 5,000,000 in Afghanistan, where they constituted about one-fifth of the population. Another 40,000 lived in the Uygur Autonomous Region (Sinkiang, Uygur Autonomous Region of) of Xinjiang in China.The name Tajik refers to the traditionally sedentary people who speak a form of Persian called Tajik in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and who speak the modern Persian language in Afghanistan.The Tajiks were the heirs and transmitters of the Central Asian sedentary culture that diffused in prehistoric times from the Iranian plateau into an area extending roughly from the Caspian Sea to the borders of China. They built villages of flat-roofed mud or stone houses and cultivated irrigated fields of wheat, barley, and millet. Their gardens were famous for melons and a variety of fruits. Their crafts were highly developed, and their towns along the caravan routes linking Persia, China, and India were centres of trade. Turks subsequently migrated westward into the area inhabited by the Tajiks. The latter became Turkicized in their culture, though many retained their Iranian language.Most Tajiks are Sunni Muslims, but a few in remote mountain areas are Shīʿite.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Tajik — may refer to:* Tajiks, an ethnic group living in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, and western China. * Tajik Assata Anwar Bahoul, the birth name of Black nationalist activist Taj Anwar. * Tajik language, the official language… … Wikipedia
Tajik — [tä jik′, täjēk′] n. 1. pl. Tajiks or Tajik a member of a people of Iranian stock living in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and parts of Uzbekistan 2. the Iranian language of this people adj. of the Tajiks or their language or culture … English World dictionary
tajik — tajik, Tajikistan → Tayikistán … Diccionario panhispánico de dudas
Tajik — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tajik — 1. noun a) A person from Tajikistan or of Tajik descent. b) The Persian dialect spoken in Tajikistan. 2. adjective Of, from, or pertaining to Tajikistan, the Tajik people (living in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) or the Tajiki dialect of P … Wiktionary
Tajik — [tα: dʒi:k] (also Tadjik or Tadzhik) noun 1》 a member of a mainly Muslim people inhabiting Tajikistan and parts of neighbouring countries. ↘a native or national of the republic of Tajikistan. 2》 (also Tajiki tα: dʒi:ki) the Iranian language… … English new terms dictionary
Tajik — /ˈtadʒɪk/ (say tahjik) noun 1. a people of Iranian descent living in Tajikistan and vicinity. 2. (plural Tajik or Tajiks) a member of this people. 3. the language of this people, belonging to the West Iranian sub branch of the Indo European… … Australian English dictionary
Tajik — noun 1. a native or inhabitant of Tajikistan and neighboring areas of Uzbekistan and Afghanistan and China • Syn: ↑Tadzhik • Hypernyms: ↑Asian, ↑Asiatic • Member Holonyms: ↑Tajikistan, ↑Republic of Tajikistan, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Tajik — or Tadzhik noun Date: 1815 1. a member of a Persian speaking ethnic group living in Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and adjacent areas of central Asia 2. the form of Persian spoken by the Tajiks … New Collegiate Dictionary
Tajik — ISO 639 3 Code : tgk ISO 639 2/B Code : tgk ISO 639 2/T Code : tgk ISO 639 1 Code : tg Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3