/tah gah"lawg, teuh-/, n., pl. Tagalogs, (esp. collectively) Tagalog for 1.
1. a member of a Malayan people native to Luzon, in the Philippines.
2. the principal language of the Philippines, an Indonesian language of the Austronesian family.

* * *

Any member of the largest cultural-linguistic group in the Philippines.

They are the dominant population of Manila and of several provinces near the city. Most are Roman Catholic, and most are farmers; their main cash crops are sugarcane and coconuts. Manila's dominance has given the urban Tagalog economic leadership in the Philippines. The Tagalog language is the basis of Pilipino, the national language.

* * *

      largest cultural-linguistic group in the Philippines. They form the dominant population in the city of Manila; in all provinces bordering Manila Bay except Pampanga; in Nueva Ecija to the north; and in Batangas, Laguna, Marinduque, Mindoro, and Quezon to the south. Tagalog (Tagalog language) is an Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) language like the other Philippine languages. The mother tongue of some 19,550,000 Filipinos, it was chosen as the basis of the national language (Pilipino) and is taught in all schools.

      Most Tagalog are farmers. Their local governments, or barrios, similar to U.S. townships, are aggregations of small hamlets (sitios) together with the surrounding farmland. Most rice is grown in flooded, diked fields, but some is produced dry in the upland areas. The principal cash crops are sugarcane and coconuts. The importance of Manila has given the urban Tagalog leadership in commerce, finance, manufacturing, the professions, and clerical and service operations. More than 80 percent of the people in the Tagalog provinces are Roman Catholic.

      Through Manila, the Tagalog served for more than 500 years as mediators with the Chinese, Spanish, and Americans, selecting from, interpreting, and adapting these foreign cultures to the basic Indo-Malayan social pattern. The Tagalog have thus led in the modernization and Westernization that has passed in varying degrees from Luzon to all parts of the Philippine archipelago.

      The Tagalog, however, have sharply resisted alien economic and political control. They initiated the anti-Spanish propaganda movement of the 19th century, and their generals led in armed revolts against Spain and the United States in 1896–1902. The principal Philippine national heroes of this period were Tagalog, and the Tagalog were among the leaders in the subsequent achievement of Philippine independence by constitutional means.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tagalog — Gesprochen in Philippinen; Region: Zentral und Südluzon Sprecher 22 Millionen (Erstsprachler) 50 Millionen (Zweitsprachler) Linguistische Klassifikation Austronesisch Malayo polynesisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TAGALOG — Appelée aussi Tagal, cette unité ethnique constitue le premier groupe linguistique et culturel (17 millions d’individus en 1990) de la république des Philippines, avant les Cebuano. Le tagalog, langue austronésienne (malayo polynésienne), est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tagalog — can mean:* The Tagalog language, the most widely spoken of the Philippine languages. * The Tagalog people, the second largest Filipino ethnic group. * The Tagalog script, the ancient writing system of the Tagalog people …   Wikipedia

  • Tagalog — (n.) people living near Manila in the Philippines, also their language, 1704, from Tagalog taga native to + ilog river …   Etymology dictionary

  • Tagalog — [tä gä′lōg΄] n. [< ? ] 1. pl. Tagalogs or Tagalog a member of the ethnic group that is indigenous to Manila and the surrounding region in the Philippines 2. the Western Austronesian language of this ethnic group, an official language of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Tagalog — Ta*ga log, n. 1. (Ethnol.) Any member of a certain tribe which is one of the leading and most civilized of those native of the Philippine Islands. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. The language of the Tagalogs. It belongs to the Malay family of languages… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tagalog — tagàlog m DEFINICIJA lingv. austronezijski jezik, službeni jezik Filipina; pilipino …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Tagalog — Pour le peuple du même nom, voir Tagalog (ethnie). Tagalog Parlée aux Philippines, États Unis Nombre de locuteurs 22 millions comme première langue, plus de 65 millions comme seconde langue …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tagalog — Тагальский язык Самоназвание: Tagalog [tɐˈga:log] Страны: Филиппины Регионы: Лусон Официальный статус: Филиппины Регул …   Википедия

  • Tagalog — noun (plural Tagalog or Tagalogs) Etymology: Tagalog Date: 1808 1. a member of a people of central Luzon 2. an Austronesian language of the Tagalog people compare Pilipino …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.