Szombathely

/sawm"bot hay'/, n.
a city in W Hungary: founded A.D. 48. 76,000. German, Steinamanger.

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      city of county status and seat of Vas megye (county), northwestern Hungary. Szombathely is situated on the Gyöngyös River, near the frontier with Austria, south-southeast of Vienna and west of Budapest. The city is the successor to the Roman settlement of Savaria (Sabaria), the capital of Pannonia, founded in AD 43 by Claudius I (Claudius) at the intersection of two Roman roads still extant (one of these roads was part of the Amber Route, which connected the Baltic region with Italy). There is in the city a mosaic Roman pavement from the 4th-century Basilica of St. Quirinus, and a Temple of Isis was uncovered in 1957. Following its 5th-century sack by the Huns, Szombathely declined for a long period. In the 18th century, Maria Theresa of Austria made the town the seat of a bishopric. The Episcopal Palace (Püspökvár) and the fine Baroque cathedral were built between 1781 and 1813. Extensive World War II damage to the cathedral was repaired in 1947. Szombathely Gallery houses a rich collection of 20th-century Hungarian art. The city developed as an important agricultural and food-processing centre (wines, fruit, honey) and railway junction. Industries include tanning, textiles, footwear, and the manufacture of electronics, vehicle parts, and agricultural machinery. Pop. (2001) 81,920.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Szombathely — (spr. Sombathälj), 1) Stadt, so v.w. Steinamanger; 2) (Magyar u. Nemet S.), zwei zusammenhängende Dörfer im Bezirk Zircz des ungarischen Comitats Weszprim; Castell; große Waldungen; 1800 Ew.; 3) Stadt, so v.w. St. Georgenberg 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Szombathely — (spr. ßómbat helj), s. Steinamanger …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Szombathely — (spr. ßómmbatelj), s. Steinamanger …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Szombathely —   [ sombɔthɛj], Stadt in Ungarn, Steinamanger.   …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Szombathely — Kamenec (Czech), Steinamanger (German), Szombathely (Hungarian, Slovene) …   Names of cities in different languages

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