syncopation

/sing'keuh pay"sheuhn, sin'-/, n.
1. Music. a shifting of the normal accent, usually by stressing the normally unaccented beats.
2. something, as a rhythm or a passage of music, that is syncopated.
3. Also called counterpoint, counterpoint rhythm. Pros. the use of rhetorical stress at variance with the metrical stress of a line of verse, as the stress on and and of in Come praise Colonus' horses and come praise/The wine-dark of the wood's intricacies.
4. Gram. syncope.
[1525-35; < ML syncopation- (s. of syncopatio), equiv. to LL syncopat(us) (see SYNCOPATE) + -ion- -ION]

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music
      in music, the displacement of regular accents (accent) associated with given metrical patterns, resulting in a disruption of the listener's expectations and the arousal of a desire for the reestablishment of metric normality; hence the characteristic “forward drive” of highly syncopated music. Syncopation may be effected by accenting normally weak beats in a measure, by resting on a normal accented beat, or by tying over a note to the next measure.

      The pattern is typical of much folk-dance music, especially in eastern Europe, and its use in the Western written tradition may be traced to the 14th century. It is a characteristic element of jazz and figures prominently in the music of Igor Stravinsky (Stravinsky, Igor) and other 20th-century composers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Syncopation — Syn co*pa tion, n. 1. (Gram.) The act of syncopating; the contraction of a word by taking one or more letters or syllables from the middle; syncope. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mus.) The act of syncopating; a peculiar figure of rhythm, or rhythmical… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • syncopation — 1530s, contraction of a word by omission of middle sounds, from M.L. syncopationem (nom. syncopatio) a shortening or contraction, from syncopare to shorten, also to faint away, to swoon, from L.L. syncope (see SYNCOPE (Cf. syncope)). Musical… …   Etymology dictionary

  • syncopation — [siŋ΄kə pā′shən, sin΄kə pā′shən] n. 1. a syncopating or being syncopated 2. syncopated music, a syncopated rhythm, etc. 3. Gram. SYNCOPE …   English World dictionary

  • Syncopation — In music, syncopation includes a variety of rhythms which are in some way unexpected in that they deviate from the strict succession of regularly spaced strong and weak beats in a meter (pulse). These include a stress on a normally unstressed… …   Wikipedia

  • syncopation — [[t]sɪ̱ŋkəpe͟ɪʃ(ə)n[/t]] syncopations N VAR Syncopation is the quality that music has when the weak beats in a bar are stressed instead of the strong ones. There was some nice syncopation and it had a good swing to it... It was jazz music he… …   English dictionary

  • syncopation — UK [ˌsɪŋkəˈpeɪʃ(ə)n] / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms syncopation : singular syncopation plural syncopations music a type of musical rhythm in which the weak beats are emphasized instead of the strong beats …   English dictionary

  • syncopation — syncopate ► VERB (usu. as adj. syncopated) ▪ (of music or a rhythm) having the beats or accents displaced so that strong beats become weak and vice versa. DERIVATIVES syncopation noun. ORIGIN from SYNCOPE(Cf. ↑syncope) …   English terms dictionary

  • syncopation — noun Date: 1597 1. a temporary displacement of the regular metrical accent in music caused typically by stressing the weak beat 2. a syncopated rhythm, passage, or dance step • syncopative adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • syncopation — noun The quality of a rhythm being somehow unexpected, in that it deviates from the strict succession of regularly spaced strong and weak beats in a meter …   Wiktionary

  • syncopation — Synonyms and related words: acid rock, andante tempo, avant garde jazz, ballroom music, beat, bebop, boogie woogie, bop, compound time, country rock, dance music, dances, duple time, folk rock, hard rock, hot jazz, jazz, jive, largo, mainstream… …   Moby Thesaurus

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