Sverdlovsk

/sverd lawfsk", -lofsk", sferd-/; Russ. /svyirdd dlawfsk"/, n.
former name (1924-91) of Ekaterinburg.

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      city, eastern Ukraine, in the Donets Basin. Sverdlovsk, named for the Bolshevik leader Yakov Mikhaylovich Sverdlov (Sverdlov, Yakov Mikhaylovich), is a coal-mining centre historically important for the production of anthracite. Other economic activities have included panel manufacturing and food processing. To the east lies the Provalsky Steppe, a reserve of natural steppe vegetation. The city was incorporated in 1938 following the amalgamation of several local mining settlements. Pop. (2001) 72,531; (2005 est.) 69,763.

      oblast (province), west-central Russia. The oblast occupies an area along the eastern slopes of the Ural Mountains, stretching from the crestline, which reaches 5,148 feet (1,569 m) in Mount Konzhakovsky Kamen, to the West Siberian Plain. Almost the entire oblast is in swampy forest, or taiga, of pine, birch, and larch, with only the highest summits above the treeline; in the extreme south is forest-steppe with birch groves. Soils are poor, and agriculture is largely confined to the southeast.

      About 90 percent of the population is urban, a reflection of the role of the oblast in the Urals industrial area. It is remarkably rich in minerals, including iron ore from Kachkana, Nizhny Tagil, Kushva, and elsewhere; manganese at Ivdel; cobalt, nickel, tungsten, and vanadium near Yekaterinburg; bauxite at Severouralsk; and beryllium near Asbest. One of the largest asbestos deposits in Russia occurs at Asbest, and copper, platinum, and gold are widely distributed. Coal and lignite are scarce, and the oblast lacks fuel, importing coal from the Kuznetsk Basin and natural gas from Tyumen oblast.

      On the basis of the local mineral deposits, ironworking and copper working have been important in the region since the early 18th century, but today there is a varied and technologically modern metallurgical industry. Iron and steel are made at a number of centres, including one of the largest in Russia, at Nizhny Tagil; aluminum is made at Krasnoturinsk and Kamensk-Uralsky; and nickel is processed at Rezh and copper at several centres. Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Tagil are the chief centres of heavy engineering. The chemical and timber-working industries also are highly developed. Area 75,200 square miles (194,800 square km). Pop. (1993 est.) 4,697,900.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sverdlovsk — V. Ekaterinbourg …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sverdlovsk — [sferd lō̂fsk′] name (1924 91) for YEKATERINBURG …   English World dictionary

  • Sverdlovsk — Between 1924 and 1991 Yekaterinburg, Russia was also known as Sverdlovsk, and in railway timetables it still is. It is also the capital of the current Sverdlovsk Oblast Sverdlovsk ( uk. Свердловськ, translit. Sverdlovs’k , ru. Свердловск ) is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Sverdlovsk — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sverdlovsk est le nom qu a porté de 1924 à 1991 la ville de Iekaterinbourg en Russie. Sverdlovsk est le nom d une ville d Ukraine, dans l oblast de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sverdlovsk — ˈsferdˌlȯ]fsk, ˈsve , ]vzk,  ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷, ˈ ̷ ̷ lə] adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Sverdlovsk, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Sverdlovsk, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of the kind or style …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sverdlovsk — noun a) Former name of Yekaterinburg from 1921 to 1991. b) Sverdlovsk oblast, a federal subject of Russia with the capital Yekaterinburg …   Wiktionary

  • Sverdlovsk — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Sverdlovsk Country and Admin Code RU.71 RU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Sverdlovsk — geographical name see Yekaterinburg …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sverdlovsk — Swerdlowsk ist der frühere Name von Jekaterinburg in Russland der Jekaterinburg umgebende Oblast Swerdlowsk eine Stadt in der Ukraine, siehe Swerdlowsk (Ukraine) Siehe auch Swerdlowske …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sverdlovsk — VER Ekaterinburg …   Enciclopedia Universal

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