- /syuu"joh"/, n. Pinyin.1. Formerly, Wuxian. a city in S Jiangsu province, in E China. 1,300,000.2. former name of Yibin.
* * *▪ ChinaIntroductioncity, southern Jiangsu (Kiangsu) sheng (province), eastern China. It is situated on the southern section of the Grand Canal on a generally flat, low-lying plain between the renowned Lake Tai (Tai, Lake) to the west and the vast Shanghai metropolis to the east. Surrounded by canals on all four sides and crisscrossed by minor canals, the city controls the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) delta area north and northeast of Lake Tai. Suzhou is a place of great beauty, with lakes, rivers, ponds, world-famous gardens, and a string of scenic hills along the eastern shore of the lake. It also lies at the centre of some of the richest agricultural land in China. Pop. (2002 est.) 1,215,967; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 1,650,000.HistoryThe traditional founding date of Suzhou is 514 BCE, when a city with the approximate boundaries of the present-day one was established by the ruler of the state of Wu during the Spring and Autumn (Spring and Autumn Period) (Chunqiu) period (770–476 BCE) of the Dong (Eastern) Zhou dynasty. Under the Qin dynasty (221–207 BCE) it became the seat of a county, Wuxian, and of the Kuaiji commandery, which controlled most of present-day Jiangsu south of the Yangtze and Zhejiang province. The name Suzhou dates from 589 CE, when the Sui dynasty (581–618) conquered southern China.With the building of the Grand Canal, Suzhou became an administrative and commercial centre for an area that rapidly developed into the major rice-surplus region of China. Under the Song (Song dynasty) (960–1279) and the Yuan (Yuan dynasty) (1206–1368) dynasties, Suzhou continued to flourish. In the 13th century the Venetian traveler Marco Polo (Polo, Marco) visited it and commented on its splendours. Wusong River and Suzhou Creek gave the city direct access to the sea, and for a while Suzhou was a port for foreign shipping, until the silting of the Yangtze River delta and the irrigation and reclamation works that went on continually impeded access. Under the Ming (Ming dynasty) (1368–1644) and early Qing (Qing dynasty) (1644–1911/12) dynasties, Suzhou reached the peak of its prosperity. The home of many wealthy landowning families, it became a centre for scholarship and the arts. Sources of the city's wealth included the silk industry and embroidery. It also served as an important source of commercial capital and a finance and banking centre.From 1860 to 1863, during the Taiping Rebellion (1850–64), Suzhou was occupied by the Taiping leader Li Xiucheng. Although it was one of the few places in which Taiping reform policies seem to have been effectively carried out, the city was, nevertheless, largely destroyed. It was restored in the late 19th century, but its commercial supremacy was then challenged by nearby Shanghai. Under the Treaty of Shimonoseki (Shimonoseki, Treaty of) (concluded between China and Japan in 1895), Suzhou was opened for foreign trade but without significant results. Before World War II the area was adversely affected by foreign competition, and the silk industry, most of which was on a small handicraft scale, was hard hit. At about that time some modern factories manufacturing satins and cotton fabrics were established, and a large electric-power-generating plant was set up; however, until the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War in 1937, there was little modern industry. Suzhou was occupied by the Japanese from 1937 until the war's end in 1945.The contemporary cityThe silk and cotton textile industries, long a mainstay of the city's economy, have been modernized considerably. In addition, factories producing metallurgical products, machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electronics, and processed foods have been established since the 1980s. A new high-technology industrial park, with joint investment from China and Singapore, has been set up in the eastern outskirts of the city.The city's first railway, linking Suzhou with Shanghai and with Nanjing (Nanking) to the northwest, was opened in 1908. In 1936 a branchline was built joining this line to the main railway between Shanghai and Hangzhou at Jiaxing (both in northern Zhejiang), but it was dismantled by the retreating Japanese army in 1945. There are also expressways and highways to Kunshan and Changshu in the delta, as well as to Nanjing, Shanghai, and Hangzhou. In addition, a large amount of traffic still uses the region's network of waterways.The city is a centre of learning; Suzhou University (formerly Dongwu University) and Suzhou School of Fine Arts were established in the early 20th century, and later more universities and colleges were established. Suzhou boasts some 150 exquisite gardens with temples, pavilions, and rock sculptures; a number of those dating from the 11th to the 19th century were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997 (extended in 2000). The gardens, Suzhou's other cultural and historical sites, and nearby Lake Tai make the area a popular tourist destination. The Chinese Garden Society, reestablished in 1978, organizes international academic exchanges.
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Suzhou — steht für: Suzhou (Jiangsu) (苏州市), eine bezirksfreie Stadt in der Provinz Jiangsu, Volksrepublik China; Suzhou (Anhui) (宿州市), eine bezirksfreie Stadt in der Provinz Anhui, Volksrepublik China; Suzhou (Jiuquan) (肃州区), ein Stadtbezirk der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
SUZHOU — [SOU TCHEOU] Ses 707 000 habitants (estimation de 1990) font de Suzhou la ville la plus peuplée, après Nankin, de la province chinoise du Jiangsu. Elle se situe près du grand lac Taihu, sur le Grand Canal, à quelque 80 kilomètres de Shanghai.… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Suzhou — [sudʒou̯], Sutschou, 1912 49 Wuxian [wuç ], Wuhsien [wuç ], Stadt in der Provinz Jiangsu, Ostchina, westlich von Schanghai, am Südrand des Jangtsekiangdeltas, östlich des Sees Tai Hu, am Kaiserkanal, 705 500 Einwohner; Universität, TH u. a. Ho … Universal-Lexikon
Suzhou He — bzeichnet: Suzhou (Fluss), einen Fluss in Ostchina Suzhou He, Originaltitel von Suzhou River, Film von Lou Ye aus dem Jahr 2000 Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort b … Deutsch Wikipedia
Suzhou — (chino simplificado: 苏州, chino tradicional: 蘇州, pinyin: Sūzhōu, forma tradicional: Soochow) es una de las ciudades más famosas de toda China. Está situada en la parte baja del río Yangzi, a orilla del lago Taihu, en la provincia de Jiangsu. La… … Enciclopedia Universal
Suzhou — [so͞o′jō′] city in S Jiangsu province, E China, on the Grand Canal: pop. 673,000 … English World dictionary
Suzhou — Infobox Settlement name = Suzhou official name = other name = Sūzhōu Shì native name = 苏州市 nickname = settlement type = Prefecture level city motto = imagesize = image caption = The Master of Nets Garden in Suzhou flag size = image seal size =… … Wikipedia
Suzhou — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Suzhou (homonymie). Sūzhōu · 苏州 … Wikipédia en Français
Suzhou — Para otros usos de este término, véase Suzhou (Anhui). Suzhou watertown Suzhóu (chino tradicional: 蘇州, chino simplificado: 苏州, pinyin: Sūzhōu, transcripción antigua: Soochow) es una de las ciudades más famosas de toda China … Wikipedia Español
Suzhou — 1 Original name in latin Suzhou Name in other language Su hsien, Suchow, Suchzhou, Suxian, Suzhou, su zhou shi, Сучжоу State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 33.63611 latitude 116.97889 altitude 34 Population 205130 Date 2012 01 18… … Cities with a population over 1000 database