surplus

/serr"plus, -pleuhs/, n., adj., v., surplussed or surplused, surplussing or surplusing. n.
1. something that remains above what is used or needed.
2. an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed.
3. agricultural produce or a quantity of food grown by a nation or area in excess of its needs, esp. such a quantity of food purchased and stored by a governmental program of guaranteeing farmers a specific price for certain crops.
4. Accounting.
a. the excess of assets over liabilities accumulated throughout the existence of a business, excepting assets against which stock certificates have been issued; excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
b. an amount of assets in excess of what is requisite to meet liabilities.
adj.
5. being a surplus; being in excess of what is required: surplus wheat.
v.t.
6. to treat as surplus; sell off; retire: The government surplussed some of its desert lands.
[1325-75; ME (n.) < OF < ML superplus, equiv. to super- SUPER- + plus PLUS]
Syn. 1. superabundance. See remainder.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • surplus — [ syrply ] n. m. • v. 1090; de sur et plus 1 ♦ Ce qui excède la quantité voulue. ⇒ excédent, excès, reste. Le surplus d une somme d argent. En surplus. ⇒ supplément. ♢ Écon. Excédent de l offre par rapport à la demande, conduisant à une baisse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surplus — sur·plus / sər ˌpləs/ n 1 a: an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied b: an excess of receipts over disbursements c: the value of assets after subtracting liabilities 2: an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value …   Law dictionary

  • Surplus — may refer to:* budget surplus, the opposite of a budget deficit * in economics, economic surplus (including producer surplus and consumer surplus), and capital surplus * an excess of production or supply over demand (see supply and demand) *… …   Wikipedia

  • surplus — SURPLÚS, surplusuri, s.n. Ceea ce este în plus, ceea ce depăşeşte necesarul; prisos, excedent. – Din fr. surplus. Trimis de ionel, 29.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  SURPLÚS s. excedent, plus, prisos, prisosinţă, (reg.) radăş, (înv.) prisoseală,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Surplus — Sur plus, a. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words. [1913 Webster] When the price of corn falleth, men give over surplus tillage, and break no more ground. Carew. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surplus — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. surplus, from M.L. superplus excess, surplus, from L. super over SUPER (Cf. super) + plus more (see PLUS (Cf. plus)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • surplus — Surplus, Ce qui reste, Quod superest, Superfluum. Le surplus ou surcroist qu on baille d avantage outre la mesure, Corollarium, Additamentum, Auctarium. Au surplus, Ad haec, Praeterea, Insuper …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • surplus — / sə:pləs/, it. /sur plus/ s. ingl. [dal fr. surplus sovrappiù ], usato in ital. al masch. 1. (econ.) a. [differenza positiva tra entrate e uscite] ▶◀ attivo, avanzo, plusvalenza, utile. ◀▶ passivo, perdita. b. [ciò che è in più] ▶◀ avanzo,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • surplus — n *excess, superfluity, surplusage, overplus Analogous words: *remainder, residue, residuum Antonyms: deficiency surplus adj *superfluous, supernumerary, extra, spare Contrasted words: *needful …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • surplus — [adj] extra de trop, excess, in excess, leftover, odd*, over, remaining, spare, superfluent, superfluous, supernumerary, too much, unused; concepts 560,781,824 Ant. essential, lacking, necessary, needing, wanting surplus [n] extra material… …   New thesaurus

  • surplus — [sʉr′plus΄, sʉr′pləs] n. [ME < OFr < sur , above (see SUR 1) + L plus, more (see PLUS)] 1. a quantity or amount over and above what is needed or used; something left over; excess 2. a) the excess of the assets of a business over its… …   English World dictionary

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