superego

/sooh'peuhr ee"goh, -eg"oh/, n., pl. superegos. Psychoanal.
the part of the personality representing the conscience, formed in early life by internalization of the standards of parents and other models of behavior.
[1890-95; trans. of G Über-Ich (Freud); see SUPER-, EGO]

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In Freudian psychoanalytic theory, one of the three aspects of the human personality, along with the id and the ego.

The last of the three elements to develop, the superego is the ethical component of the personality, providing the moral standards by which the ego operates. The superego is formed during the first five years of life in response to parental punishment and approval; children internalize their parents' moral standards as well as those of the surrounding society, and the developing superego serves to control aggressive or other socially unacceptable impulses. Violation of the superego's standards gives rise to feelings of guilt or anxiety.

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      in the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud (Freud, Sigmund), latest developing of three agencies (with the id and ego; qq.v.) of the human personality. The superego is the ethical component of the personality and provides the moral standards by which the ego operates. The superego's criticisms, prohibitions, and inhibitions form a person's conscience, and its positive aspirations and ideals represent one's idealized self-image, or “ego ideal.”

      The superego develops during the first five years of life in response to parental punishment and approval. This development occurs as a result of the child's internalization of his parents' moral standards, a process greatly aided by a tendency to identify with the parents. The developing superego absorbs the traditions of the family and the surrounding society and serves to control aggressive or other socially unacceptable impulses. Violation of the superego's standards results in feelings of guilt or anxiety and a need to atone for one's actions. The superego continues to develop into young adulthood as a person encounters other admired role models and copes with the rules and regulations of the larger society. See also Oedipus complex.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • superego — index conscience Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • superego — that part of the psyche which controls the impulses of the id, 1924, as a translation of Ger. über Ich; see SUPER (Cf. super ) and EGO (Cf. ego) …   Etymology dictionary

  • superego — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. n, ndm, psych. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} ogół zasad moralnych wprowadzonych do nieświadomości (warstwy ukrytej części psychiki człowieka) poprzez upodabnianie się do kogoś lub naśladowanie (zwykle rodziców lub opiekunów) przez… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • superego — sustantivo masculino 1. Superyó …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • superego — (De super y ego). m. Psicol. En el psicoanálisis freudiano, parte inconsciente del yo que se observa, critica y trata de imponerse a sí mismo por referencia a las demandas de un yo ideal …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • superego — ► NOUN (pl. superegos) Psychoanalysis ▪ the part of the mind that acts as a self critical conscience, reflecting social standards that have been learned. Compare with EGO(Cf. ↑ego) and ID(Cf. ↑id) …   English terms dictionary

  • superego — [so͞o΄pər ē′gō] n. pl. superegos Psychoanalysis that part of the psyche which is critical of the self or ego and enforces moral standards: at an unconscious level it blocks unacceptable impulses of the id …   English World dictionary

  • superego — ► sustantivo masculino SICOLOGÍA Función síquica de carácter moralizante, resultante de la represión de los instintos, por influjo del mundo exterior, que se conforma como modelo de conducta. SINÓNIMO superyó * * * superego (de «super » y «ego»)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • superego — UK [ˌsuːpərˈiːɡəʊ] / US [ˌsupərˈɪɡoʊ] noun [countable] Word forms superego : singular superego plural superegos a word used in freudian psychology to refer to your conscience (= the part of your mind that tells you what is right or wrong) • See:… …   English dictionary

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