succulent

/suk"yeuh leuhnt/, adj.
1. full of juice; juicy.
2. rich in desirable qualities.
3. affording mental nourishment.
4. (of a plant) having fleshy and juicy tissues.
n.
5. a succulent plant, as a sedum or cactus.
[1595-1605; < LL suculentus, equiv. to L suc(us), succus juice + -ulentus -ULENT]

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Any plant with fleshy, thick tissues adapted to water storage.

Some succulents (e.g., the cactus) store water only in the stem and have no leaves or very small leaves; others (e.g., agaves) store water mainly in the leaves. Most have deep or broad root systems and are native to either deserts or regions that have a semiarid season. In succulents, the stomata (see stoma) close during the day and open at night
the opposite of the usual pattern
in order to minimize transpiration.

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plant
      any plant with fleshy, thick tissues adapted to water storage. Some succulents (e.g., cacti) store water only in the stem and have no leaves or very small leaves, whereas others (e.g., agaves) store water mainly in the leaves. Most succulents have deep or broad root systems and are native to either deserts or regions that have a semiarid season.

      Stomata (stomate) are small mouthlike structures on the surface of plant leaves and stems that allow for the uptake of carbon dioxide from the environment and the loss of water and oxygen to the environment. In succulent plants the stomata behave opposite what is normal; that is, they are closed during the day and open at night. As a result, the loss of water (transpiration) during the hot, dry daytime hours is minimized. However, carbon dioxide (CO2) uptake occurs in the dark. Succulent plants, therefore, exhibit a modified form of CO2 fixation and photosynthesis called crassulacean acid metabolism. In crassulacean acid metabolism, CO2 is fixed into an organic acid, malic acid, and is stored in cellular vacuoles until the energy from sunlight is available for photosynthesis.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • succulent — succulent, ente [ sykylɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. • v. 1500; lat. succulentus, de sucus « suc » 1 ♦ Bot. Plante succulente, dont les tissus charnus sont riches en eau. 2 ♦ Qui a une saveur délicieuse. ⇒ délicieux, excellent, exquis, savoureux. Elle « le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Succulent — Suc cu*lent, a. [L. succulentus, suculentus, fr. succus, sucus, juice; perhaps akin to E. suck: cf. F. succulent.] Full of juice; juicy. [1913 Webster] {Succulent} plants (Bot.), plants which have soft and juicy leaves or stems, as the houseleek …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • succulent — Succulent, [succul]ente. adj. Qui a bien du suc, & qui est fort nourrissant: il ne se dit que des aliments. Viande succulente. boüillon succulent. potage succulent …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • succulent — succulent, ente (su ku lan, lan t ) adj. 1°   En parlant des aliments, qui a beaucoup de suc, très nourrissant. Bouillon, potage succulent. •   La maturité des fruits succulents dont ils [les becfigues] portent le nom, BUFF. Ois. t. IX, p. 274.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • succulent — c.1600, from Fr. succulent, from L. succulentus having juice, from succus juice, sap; related to sugere to suck, and cognate with O.E. sucan to suck (see SUCK (Cf. suck)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • succulent — ► ADJECTIVE 1) (of food) tender, juicy, and tasty. 2) Botany (of a plant) having thick fleshy leaves or stems adapted to storing water. ► NOUN Botany ▪ a succulent plant. DERIVATIVES succulence noun succulently adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • succulent — [suk′yo͞o lənt] adj. [L succulentus < sucus, juice: see SUCK] 1. full of juice; juicy 2. full of interest, vigor, etc.; not dry or dull 3. Bot. having thick, fleshy tissues for storing water, as a cactus n. a succulent plant succulence n.… …   English World dictionary

  • Succulent — (v. lat.), 1) saftig, saftreich, saftvoll; 2) nahrhaft, kräftig …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Succulent — (vom lat. succus, Saft), saftreich, kräftig; Succulenz, Saftfülle, Nahrhaftigkeit …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • succulent — index palatable, sapid Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • succulent — [adj] juicy, delicious divine, heavenly, luscious, lush, mellow, moist, mouthwatering, pulpy, rich, sappy, tasty, yummy*; concepts 462,613 Ant. dry, unjuicy …   New thesaurus

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