subject

subjectable, adj.subjectability, n.subjectedly, adv.subjectedness, n.subjectless, adj.subjectlike, adj.
n., adj. /sub"jikt/; v. /seuhb jekt"/, n.
1. that which forms a basic matter of thought, discussion, investigation, etc.: a subject of conversation.
2. a branch of knowledge as a course of study: He studied four subjects in his first year at college.
3. a motive, cause, or ground: a subject for complaint.
4. the theme of a sermon, book, story, etc.
5. the principal melodic motif or phrase in a musical composition, esp. in a fugue.
6. an object, scene, incident, etc., chosen by an artist for representation, or as represented in art.
7. a person who is under the dominion or rule of a sovereign.
8. a person who owes allegiance to a government and lives under its protection: four subjects of Sweden.
9. Gram. (in English and many other languages) a syntactic unit that functions as one of the two main constituents of a simple sentence, the other being the predicate, and that consists of a noun, noun phrase, or noun substitute which often refers to the one performing the action or being in the state expressed by the predicate, as He in He gave notice.
10. a person or thing that undergoes or may undergo some action: As a dissenter, he found himself the subject of the group's animosity.
11. a person or thing under the control or influence of another.
12. a person as an object of medical, surgical, or psychological treatment or experiment.
13. a cadaver used for dissection.
14. Logic. that term of a proposition concerning which the predicate is affirmed or denied.
15. Philos.
a. that which thinks, feels, perceives, intends, etc., as contrasted with the objects of thought, feeling, etc.
b. the self or ego.
16. Metaphysics. that in which qualities or attributes inhere; substance.
adj.
17. being under domination, control, or influence (often fol. by to).
18. being under dominion, rule, or authority, as of a sovereign, state, or some governing power; owing allegiance or obedience (often fol. by to).
19. open or exposed (usually fol. by to): subject to ridicule.
20. being dependent or conditional upon something (usually fol. by to): His consent is subject to your approval.
21. being under the necessity of undergoing something (usually fol. by to): All beings are subject to death.
22. liable; prone (usually fol. by to): subject to headaches.
v.t.
23. to bring under domination, control, or influence (usually fol. by to).
24. to bring under dominion, rule, or authority, as of a conqueror or a governing power (usually fol. by to).
25. to cause to undergo the action of something specified; expose (usually fol. by to): to subject metal to intense heat.
26. to make liable or vulnerable; lay open; expose (usually fol. by to): to subject oneself to ridicule.
27. Obs. to place beneath something; make subjacent.
[1275-1325; (adj.) < L subjectus placed beneath, inferior, open to inspection, orig. ptp. of subicere to throw or place beneath, make subject, equiv. to sub- SUB- + -jec-, comb. form of jacere to throw + -tus ptp. suffix; r. ME suget < OF < L, as above; (n.) < LL subjectum grammatical or dialectical subject, n. use of neut. of subjectus; r. ME suget, as above; (v.) < L subjectare, freq. of subicere; r. ME suget(t)en < OF sugetter < L, as above]
Syn. 1, 4. SUBJECT, THEME, TOPIC are often interchangeable to express the material being considered in a speech or written composition. SUBJECT is a broad word for whatever is treated in writing, speech, art, etc.: the subject for discussion. THEME and TOPIC are usually narrower and apply to some limited or specific part of a general subject. A THEME is often the underlying conception of a discourse or composition, perhaps not put into words but easily recognizable: The theme of a need for reform runs throughout her work. A TOPIC is the statement of what is to be treated in a section of a composition: The topic is treated fully in this section. 3. reason, rationale. 17. subordinate, subservient. 20. contingent.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Subject — may refer to: *An area of interest, also called a topic meaning , thing you are talking or discussing about . It can also be termed as the area of discussion . See Lists of topics and Lists of basic topics. **An area of knowledge; **The focus of… …   Wikipedia

  • subject — n 1 *citizen, national Antonyms: sovereign 2 Subject, matter, subject matter, argument, topic, text, theme, motive, motif, leitmotiv can mean the basic idea or the principal object of thought or attention in a discourse or artistic composition.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Subject — Sub*ject , n. [From L. subjectus, through an old form of F. sujet. See {Subject}, a.] 1. That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically: One who is under the authority… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • subject — [sub′jikt, sub′jekt΄; ] for v. [ səb jekt′] adj. [ME suget < OFr < L subjectus, pp. of subjicere, to place under, put under, subject < sub , under + jacere, to throw: see JET1] 1. under the authority or control of, or owing allegiance to …   English World dictionary

  • subject — sub·ject / səb ˌjekt/ n: the person upon whose life a life insurance policy is written and upon whose death the policy is payable: insured compare beneficiary b, policyholder Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • Subject — Sub*ject , a. [OE. suget, OF. souzget, sougit (in which the first part is L. subtus below, fr. sub under), subgiet, subject, F. sujet, from L. subjectus lying under, subjected, p. p. of subjicere, subicere, to throw, lay, place, or bring under;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Subject — Sub*ject , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Subjected}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Subjecting}.] 1. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue. [1913 Webster] Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification of sense to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Subject-to — is a way of purchasing property when there is an existing lien (i.e., Mortgage, Deed of Trust). It is defined as: Acquiring ownership to a property from a seller without paying off the existing liens secured against the property. It is a way of… …   Wikipedia

  • subject to — 1》 likely or prone to be affected by (something bad). → subject subject to conditionally upon. → subject …   English new terms dictionary

  • subject — [adj] at the mercy of; answerable accountable, apt, at one’s feet*, bound by, captive, collateral, conditional, contingent, controlled, dependent, directed, disposed, enslaved, exposed, governed, in danger of, inferior, liable, likely, obedient,… …   New thesaurus

  • subject — ► NOUN 1) a person or thing that is being discussed, studied, or dealt with. 2) a branch of knowledge studied or taught. 3) Grammar the word or words in a sentence that name who or what performs the action of the verb. 4) a member of a state… …   English terms dictionary

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