stove

stove1
/stohv/, n., v., stoved, stoving.
n.
1. a portable or fixed apparatus that furnishes heat for warmth, cooking, etc., commonly using coal, oil, gas, wood, or electricity as a source of power.
2. a heated chamber or box for some special purpose, as a drying room or a kiln for firing pottery.
v.t.
3. to treat with or subject to heat, as in a stove.
[1425-75; (n.) late ME: sweat bath, heated room, prob. < MD, MLG, c. OE stofa, stofu heated room for bathing, OHG stuba (G Stube room; cf. BIERSTUBE), ON stofa; early Gmc borrowing < VL *extupa, *extupa ( > F étuve sweat room of a bath; cf. STEW1), n. deriv. of *extupare, *extufare to fill with vapor, equiv. to L ex- EX-1 + VL *-tufare < Gk týphein to raise smoke, smoke, akin to typhos fever (see TYPHUS); alternatively explained as a native Gmc base, borrowed into Rom (cf. IZBA); (v.) late ME stoven to subject to hot-air bath, deriv. of the n.]
stove2
/stohv/, v.
a pt. and pp. of stave.

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      device used for heating or cooking. The first of historical record was built in 1490 in Alsace, entirely of brick and tile, including the flue. The later Scandinavian stove had a tall, hollow iron flue containing iron baffles arranged to lengthen the travel of the escaping gases in order to extract maximum heat. The Russian stove had as many as six thick-walled masonry flues; it is still widely used in northern countries. The stove is often installed at the intersection of interior partition walls in such a manner that a portion of the stove and the flue is inside each of four rooms; a fire is maintained until the stove and flues are hot, and then the fire is extinguished and the flues closed, storing the heat.

      The first manufactured cast-iron stove was produced at Lynn, Mass., in 1642. This stove had no grates and was little more than a cast-iron box. About 1740 Benjamin Franklin (Franklin, Benjamin) invented the “Pennsylvania fireplace,” (Franklin stove) which incorporated the basic principles of the heating stove. The Franklin stove burned wood on a grate and had sliding doors that could be used to control the draft (flow of air) through it. Because the stove was relatively small, it could be installed in a large fireplace or used free-standing in the middle of a room by connecting it to a flue. The Franklin stove warmed farmhouses, city dwellings, and frontier cabins throughout North America. Its design influenced the potbellied stove, which was a familiar feature in some homes well into the 20th century. The first round cast-iron stoves with grates for cooking food on them were manufactured by Isaac Orr at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1800. The base-burning stove for burning anthracite coal was invented in 1833 by Jordan A. Mott.

      Cooking became the predominant function of stoves in the 20th century as central heating became the norm in the developed world. Iron cooking stoves using wood, charcoal, or coal tended to radiate large amounts of heat that made the kitchen unpleasantly hot during the summertime, however. In the 20th century they were replaced by steel ranges or ovens that are heated by natural gas or electricity.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stove — Stove, n. [D. stoof a foot stove, originally, a heated room, a room for a bath; akin to G. stube room, OHG. stuba a heated room, AS. stofe, Icel. stofa a room, bathing room, Sw. stufva, stuga, a room, Dan. stue; of unknown origin. Cf. {Estufa},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stove — Stove, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stoved}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stoving}.] 1. To keep warm, in a house or room, by artificial heat; as, to stove orange trees. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. To heat or dry, as in a stove; as, to stove feathers. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stöve — ist der Familienname von: Betty Stöve (* 1945), ehemalige niederländische Tennisspielerin Willi Stöve (1860–1931), Unternehmer und Mitglied des Deutschen Reichstags Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stove — (n.) mid 15c., heated room, bath room, from M.L.G. or M.Du. stove, both meaning heated room, which was the original sense in English; a general West Germanic word (Cf. O.E. stofa bath room, Ger. Stube sitting room ) of uncertain relationship to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • stove — [n] range; furnace boiler, convection oven, cooker, electric stove, heater, kiln, microwave, oven, toaster oven, warmer, wood stove; concept 463 …   New thesaurus

  • Stove — (st[=o]v), imp. of {Stave}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stove — bezeichnet einen Ortsteil der Gemeinde Boiensdorf im Landkreis Nordwestmecklenburg in Mecklenburg Vorpommern einen Ortsteil der Gemeinde Carlow im Landkreis Nordwestmecklenburg in Mecklenburg Vorpommern einen Ortsteil der Gemeinde Drage im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stovė — stovė̃ sf. 1. stovykla, stova: Karalius buvo savo stovę paėmęs ant kalno J.Šliūp. 2. KlK32,43 atverstinės apykaklės apatinė dalis …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • stove — [1] ► NOUN ▪ an apparatus for cooking or heating that operates by burning fuel or using electricity. ORIGIN Dutch or Low German …   English terms dictionary

  • stove — stove1 [stōv] n. [ME < MDu, heated room, akin to Ger stube, sitting room, OE stofa, hot air bath < early borrowing < VL * extufa, back form. < * extufare, to steam, STEW1] 1. an apparatus using fuel or electricity for heating a room,… …   English World dictionary

  • Stove — A stove is an enclosed heated space. The term is commonly taken to mean an enclosed space in which fuel is burned to provide heating, either to heat the space in which the stove is situated or to heat the stove itself, and items placed on it, for …   Wikipedia

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