stock company

1. Finance. a company or corporation whose capital is divided into shares represented by stock.
2. Theat. a company acting a repertoire of plays, more or less permanently together, usually at its own theater.
[1820-30]

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      troupe of actors performing regularly in a particular theatre, presenting a different play nightly from its repertory of prepared productions. Stock companies were usually composed of players who specialized in dramatic types such as the tragedian, or leading man; the leading lady; the heavy lead, who played villains; the old woman; the juvenile lead, who played the young lover or heroic roles; the soubrette, or female second lead; and the low comedian.

      The stock system was used in England from the Elizabethan period. The major cities of the United States, such as New York City, Philadelphia, and Boston, had them from the early 1800s, though the term stock company did not come into use until the mid-19th century, distinguishing the permanent troupes from their competitors, the touring companies. By the end of the 19th century, most of the big-city stock companies had been forced out of business by the long-running plays produced by touring companies, which were more economical and profitable for the theatres of large cities. When touring companies ventured from the capitals to outlying districts, regional stock companies also proved unable to compete. (See also repertory theatre.)

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stock company — Stock Stock (st[o^]k), n. [AS. stocc a stock, trunk, stick; akin to D. stok, G. stock, OHG. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Sw. stock, Dan. stok, and AS. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to urge, thrust. Cf. {Stokker}, {Stucco}, and {Tuck} a rapier.] 1. The stem …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stock company — ➔ company * * * stock company UK US noun [C] US LAW, FINANCE ► a company that is owned and controlled by shareholders → See also JOINT STOCK COMPANY(Cf. ↑joint stock company) …   Financial and business terms

  • Stock company — Stock Stock, a. Used or employed for constant service or application, as if constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard; permanent; standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock phrase; a stock response; a stock sermon. A stock… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stock company — can refer to:*Joint stock company ( see also Types of corporations and Types of companies ) *Stock company (acting) referring to a group of actors …   Wikipedia

  • stock company — stock .company also stock n AmE 1.) a company whose money is divided into ↑shares so that many people own a small part of it = ↑joint stock company 2.) a group of actors who work together doing several different plays …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • stock company — n. 1. a company or corporation whose capital is divided into shares 2. a commercial theatrical company that presents a repertoire of plays, usually at one theater …   English World dictionary

  • stock company — index corporation Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • stock company — stock ,company noun count 1. ) AMERICAN a business whose money is divided up into SHARES that are owned by different people 2. ) a group of actors who only perform in one particular theater and who work together on different plays …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Stock company —    An ensemble of actors, led by a manager or director and performing a season of plays in sequence during a residence at a theatre or in a town, a stock company was an important form of theatre management during much of the modernist period,… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • stock company — Synonyms and related words: Aktiengesellschaft, accident insurance, acting company, actuary, aktiebolag, annuity, assurance, aviation insurance, bail bond, body corporate, bond, business, business establishment, business life insurance, cartel,… …   Moby Thesaurus

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