stare decisis

/stair"ee di suy"sis/, Law.
the doctrine that rules or principles of law on which a court rested a previous decision are authoritative in all future cases in which the facts are substantially the same.
[1855-60; < L stare decisis to stand by things (that have been) settled]

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(Latin; "let the decision stand")

In common law, the doctrine under which courts adhere to precedent on questions of law in order to ensure certainty, consistency, and stability in the administration of justice.

Since no court decision can have universal application, the courts, in practice, must often decide that a previous decision does not apply to a particular case even though the facts and issues appear to be closely similar. A strict application of stare decisis may lead to rigidity and to legal hairsplitting, whereas too much flexibility may result in uncertainty.

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law
      (Latin: “let the decision stand”), in Anglo-American law, principle that a question once considered by a court and answered must elicit the same response each time the same issue is brought before the courts. The principle is observed more strictly in England than in the United States. Since no court decision can have universal application, the courts, in practice, must often decide that a previous decision does not apply to a particular case even though the facts and issues appear to be closely similar. A strict application of stare decisis may lead to rigidity and to legal hairsplitting, whereas too much flexibility may result in uncertainty as to the law.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stare decisis — (Anglo Latin pronunciation: /ˈstɛəri dɨˈsaɪsɨs]) is a legal principle by which judges are obliged to respect the precedents established by prior decisions. The words originate from the phrasing of the principle in the Latin maxim Stare decisis et …   Wikipedia

  • stare decisis — sta·re de·ci·sis / ster ē di sī sis, stär ē ; stä rā dā kē sēs/ n [New Latin, to stand by things that have been settled]: the doctrine under which courts adhere to precedent on questions of law in order to insure certainty, consistency, and… …   Law dictionary

  • Stare decisis — [ˈstaːre deːˈkiːsiːs], Lateinisch für „bei früheren Entscheidungen bleiben“, ist ein wichtiges Konzept in der Justiz, insbesondere in dem vom sogenannten Fallrecht dominierten anglo amerikanischen Rechtskreis. Dort darf ein Richter ein früheres… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stare decisis — es una locución latina, que se traduce interpretativamente como mantenerse con las cosas decididas , utilizada en derecho para referirse a la doctrina según la cual las sentencias dictadas por un tribunal crean precedente judicial y vinculan como …   Wikipedia Español

  • stare decisis — Latin, lit. “to stand by things decided.” …   Etymology dictionary

  • stare decisis — [ster΄ē di sī′sis] n. [L, to stand by things decided] a policy of law that requires courts to abide by laws and precedents previously laid down as applicable to a similar set of facts …   English World dictionary

  • stare decisis — The doctrine or principle that decisions should stand as precedents for guidance in cases arising in the future. A strong judicial policy that the determination of a point of law by a court will generally be followed by a court of the same or a… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Stare decisis — Règle du précédent La règle du précédent ou stare decisis (latin: rester sur la décision) est une règle de droit s appliquant particulièrement dans les pays de common law, c est à dire le Royaume Uni (l Écosse faisant en partie exception), et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stare Decisis — A Latin term meaning to stand by that which is decided . Stare decisis is a legal principle which dictates that courts cannot disregard the standard. The court must uphold prior decisions. In essence, this legal principle dictates that once a law …   Investment dictionary

  • stare decisis — (latín: que la decisión se mantenga). En el common law, principio jurídico conforme al cual, cuando se trata de cuestiones de derecho los tribunales deben atenerse a la jurisprudencia para asegurar la certeza, coherencia y estabilidad en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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