stain

stainable, adj.stainability, stainableness, n.stainably, adv.stainer, n.
/stayn/, n.
1. a discoloration produced by foreign matter having penetrated into or chemically reacted with a material; a spot not easily removed.
2. a natural spot or patch of color different from that of the basic color, as on the body of an animal.
3. a cause of reproach; stigma; blemish: a stain on one's reputation.
4. coloration produced by a dye that penetrates a substance, as wood.
5. a dye made into a solution for coloring woods, textiles, etc.
6. a reagent or dye used in treating a specimen for microscopic examination.
v.t.
7. to discolor with spots or streaks of foreign matter.
8. to bring reproach or dishonor upon; blemish.
9. to sully with guilt or infamy; corrupt.
10. to color or dye (wood, cloth, etc.) by any of various processes that change or react with the substance chemically.
11. to color with something that penetrates the substance.
12. to treat (a microscopic specimen) with some reagent or dye in order to color the whole or parts and so give distinctness, contrast of tissues, etc.
v.i.
13. to produce a stain.
14. to become stained; take a stain: This fabric stains easily.
[1350-1400; ME steynen < ON steina to paint; in some senses aph. form of DISTAIN]
Syn. 1, 3. mark, imperfection, blot. 3. taint. 7. spot, streak, soil, dirty. 8. sully, taint, tarnish, disgrace, dishonor, debase, defile, contaminate, pollute.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • stain´er — stain «stayn», verb, noun. –v.t. 1. to discolor (something); spot; soil: »The tablecloth is stained where food has been spilled. Let not women s weapons, waterdrops, Stain my man s cheeks (Shakespeare). 2. Figurative. a) o spot by wrongdoing or… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stain — (st[=a]n), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stained} (st[=a]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Staining}.] [Abbrev. fr. distain.] 1. To discolor by the application of foreign matter; to make foul; to spot; as, to stain the hand with dye; armor stained with blood. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stain — Stain, n. 1. A discoloration by foreign matter; a spot; as, a stain on a garment or cloth. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. A natural spot of a color different from the gound. [1913 Webster] Swift trouts, diversified with crimson stains. Pope. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stain — [stān] vt. [ME stainen, aphetic < disteinen,DISTAIN: sense and form infl. by ON steinn, color, lit., STONE (hence, mineral pigment)] 1. to spoil the appearance of by patches or streaks of color or dirt; discolor; spot 2. to bring shame upon… …   English World dictionary

  • Stain — Stain, v. i. To give or receive a stain; to grow dim. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stain — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Johann Friedrich von Stain (1681–1735), braunschweigischer und hessischer Staatsmann Walter Stain (1916–2001), deutscher Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stain — [n] spot of dirt, blot, bar black eye*, blemish, blotch, blur, brand, color, discoloration, disgrace, dishonor, drip, dye, infamy, ink spot, mottle, odium, onus, reproach, shame, sinister*, slur, smirch, smudge, spatter, speck, splotch, spot,… …   New thesaurus

  • Stain — Stain, Stadt, so v.w. Stein 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • stain — I verb attaint, bedaub, befoul, besmear, besmirch, blacken, blemish, blot, blotch, bring reproach upon, color, contaminate, corrupt, damage, daub, debase, defame, defile, detract from, dirty, discolor, discredit, disgrace, dishonor, dye, grime,… …   Law dictionary

  • stain — n *stigma, blot, brand Analogous words: *blemish, defect, flaw: mark, *sign, token: *disgrace, dishonor …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • stain — ► VERB 1) mark or discolour with something that is not easily removed. 2) damage (someone s or something s reputation). 3) colour with a penetrative dye or chemical. ► NOUN 1) a stubborn discoloured patch or dirty mark. 2) a thing that damages a… …   English terms dictionary

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