Springfield rifle

1. a single-shot, breechloading .45-caliber rifle used by the U.S. Army from 1867 to 1893.
2. Also called Springfield 1903. a bolt-operated, magazine-fed, .30-caliber rifle adopted by the U.S. Army in 1903 and used during World War I.
3. a single-shot, muzzleloading rifle of .58-inch caliber, used by the Union Army during the Civil War.
[after SPRINGFIELD, Mass., site of a federal armory that made the rifles]

* * *

Any of several rifles that were standard infantry weapons of the U.S. Army from 1873 to 1936, all taking their name from the Springfield Armory.

The most famous began as the Model 1903 Springfield, an adaptation of the German Mauser. After modifications to accommodate Model 1906 ammunition, it entered history as the Springfield .30-06, one of the most reliable and accurate military firearms ever. The principal U.S. infantry weapon until 1936, it was replaced by the Garand (M1) rifle of World War II, also designed at the Springfield Armory. When the Springfield .30-06 was retired, it was widely modified into a sporting rifle that is still prized for its accuracy. See also M16 rifle.

* * *

      any of several rifles that were standard infantry weapons of the U.S. Army most of the time from 1873 to 1936, all taking their name from the Springfield Armory, established at Springfield, Mass., by the U.S. Congress in 1794. The armoury had produced smoothbore muskets from its earliest days, and between 1858 and 1865 it turned out more than 840,000 .58-calibre rifled muskets. In 1866, it began adapting the muzzle-loading rifles to breech-loading, single-shot rifles by making a “trapdoor” for the breech with latch, firing pin, and extractor for the cartridge case.

      From 1873 to 1892 the armoury turned out breech-loading, single-shot Springfield .45-70s (.45 calibre with 70 grains of black powder). Between 1892 and 1903 the U.S. Army used a Norwegian-designed Krag-Jørgensen bolt-action repeating rifle, but in the meantime the Springfield gunsmiths were studying the German Mauser (Mauser rifle), a five-shot bolt-action repeating rifle. The United States adapted the Mauser into the Model 1903 Springfield, a rifle that, after some modifications to accommodate Model 1906 ammunition, entered history as the Springfield .30-06, one of the most reliable and accurate military firearms in history. The Springfield served as the principal U.S. infantry weapon until 1936, when it was replaced by the Garand (M1) rifle of World War II—also designed at the Springfield Armory. When the Springfield .30-06 was retired, it was widely modified into a sporting rifle that is still prized for its accuracy.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Springfield rifle — ☆ Springfield rifle n. [after SPRINGFIELD, Mass., location of a U.S. armory] a .30 caliber magazine fed rifle, operated by a bolt, adopted for use by the U.S. Army in 1903 and replaced as the standard infantry weapon by the Garand rifle in 1936 …   English World dictionary

  • Springfield rifle — The term Springfield Rifle may refer to any one of several types of small arms produced by the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts, for the United States armed forces.In modern usage, the term Springfield rifle most commonly refers… …   Wikipedia

  • Springfield, rifle — Cualquiera de los varios modelos de rifles que fueron armas de infantería estándar en el ejército de EE.UU. desde 1873 hasta 1936, y que toman su nombre de la fábrica de armas Springfield. El más famoso comenzó como el Springfield modelo 1903,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • springfield rifle — noun see springfield II * * * 1. a single shot, breechloading .45 caliber rifle used by the U.S. Army from 1867 to 1893. 2. Also called Springfield 1903. a bolt operated, magazine fed, .30 caliber rifle adopted by the U.S. Army in 1903 and used… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Springfield rifle — noun Etymology: Springfield, Massachusetts Date: 1888 a .30 caliber bolt action rifle used by United States troops especially in World War I …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Springfield rifle — Spring′field ri′fle n. mil a bolt operated, magazine fed,.30 caliber rifle used by the U.S. Army esp. in World War I • Etymology: 1885–95; after Springfield, Mass …   From formal English to slang

  • Springfield Rifle —    Voir La Mission du commandant Lex …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Springfield Rifle (1952 film) — Infobox Film name = Springfield Rifle image size = caption = director = Andre de Toth producer = Louis F. Edelman writer = Frank Davis Sloan Nibley (story) starring = Gary Cooper music = Max Steiner cinematography = Edwin B. DuPar editing =… …   Wikipedia

  • M1903 Springfield rifle — Infobox Weapon|is ranged=yes name= Rifle, Caliber .30, M1903 origin=flagcountry|United States type= Bolt action rifle designer= Springfield Armory design date= 1900 service= 1903–1957 users= See Users wars= World War I, World War II, Korean War,… …   Wikipedia

  • M1903 Springfield rifle — …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.