spondylitis

spondylitic /spon'dl it"ik/, adj.
/spon'dl uy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of the vertebrae.
[1840-50; < Gk spóndyl(os) vertebra, whorl, mussel + -ITIS]

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      inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae. Spondylitis takes several forms; the most widely occurring forms are ankylosing spondylitis, hypertrophic spondylitis, and tuberculous spondylitis.

      Ankylosing spondylitis (also called Bekhterev spondylitis, deforming spondylitis, or Marie-Strümpell arthritis) is a disease of the spine that is characteristically seen chiefly in adolescent boys and young men. Its earliest symptom is chronic lower back pain. The progression of the disease can be noted in stiffness and limitation of movement, swollen joints (often indistinguishable from rheumatoid arthritis), fusion (ankylosis) and deformity of the spine, and anemia. Treatment is similar to that for rheumatoid arthritis and may include the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

      Hypertrophic spondylitis, also known as osteoarthritis of the spine, is a degenerative disease seen mostly in individuals over the age of 50. It is characterized by the destruction of intervertebral disks and the growth of spurs on the vertebrae themselves. Treatment includes rest, the application of heat, and exercises to maintain a normal range of movement.

      Tuberculous spondylitis (also called tuberculosis of the spine) is caused by infection of the vertebral column by the tuberculosis bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. See the article Pott disease.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spondylītis — (v. gr.), Entzündung der Rückgrathswirbel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • spondylitis — 1849, Mod.L., from L. spondylus, from Gk. spondylos, variant of sphondylos “vertebra” + ITIS (Cf. itis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • spondylitis — [spän΄də līt′is] n. [< SPONDYLO + ITIS] inflammation of the vertebrae …   English World dictionary

  • Spondylitis — Bei der Spondylitis (latinisiertes Griechisch: Spondylitis „Wirbelentzündung“) handelt es sich um eine Entzündung der Wirbelkörper, die unterschiedliche Ursachen – infektiös oder aseptisch – hat. Wenn sie auch auf die Bandscheiben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spondylitis — Not to be confused with spondylosis. Spondylitis is an inflammation of a vertebra. Any disorder of the spinal column may be called spondylopathy, also. Pott s disease is tuberculous disease of the vertebrae marked by stiffness of the vertebral… …   Wikipedia

  • spondylitis — Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae. [spondyl + G. itis, inflammation] ankylosing s. arthritis of the spine, resembling rheumatoid arthritis, that may progress to bony ankylosis with lipping of vertebral margi …   Medical dictionary

  • spondylitis — n. inflammation of the synovial joints of the backbone. Ankylosing spondylitis is a sero negative arthritis; 90% of cases carry the tissue type antigen HLA B27 (see HLA system). Ankylosing spondylitis predominantly affects young adult Caucasian… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Spondylitis — Entzündung des Knochenmarks der Wirbel * * * Spon|dy|li|tis 〈f.; , ti|den; Med.〉 Entzündung eines od. mehrerer Wirbelkörper, bes. infolge von Tuberkulose; Sy Wirbelentzündung [zu grch. spondylos „Rückgrat“] * * * Spon|dy|li|tis [ʃp…, sp…], die; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • spondylitis — [ˌspɒndɪ lʌɪtɪs] noun Medicine inflammation of the joints of the backbone. See also ankylosing spondylitis. Origin C19: from L. spondylus vertebra + itis …   English new terms dictionary

  • spondylitis — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Greek sphondylos, spondylos vertebra Date: circa 1849 inflammation of the vertebrae …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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