/spon"dee/, n. Pros.
a foot of two syllables, both of which are long in quantitative meter or stressed in accentual meter.
[1350-1400; ME sponde < L spondeus < Gk spondeîos, deriv. of spondé libation]

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      metrical foot consisting of two long (as in classical verse) or stressed (as in English verse) syllables occurring together. The term was derived from a Greek word describing the two long musical notes that accompanied the pouring of a libation. Spondaic metre occurred occasionally in classical verse. It does not, however, form the basis for any English verse, as there are virtually no English words in which syllables receive equal stress. An approximation of a spondaic foot is sometimes achieved with such compounds as “heyday” or “childhood,” but even these words can be seen as examples of primary and secondary stress rather than equal stress. In English verse, the spondaic foot is usually composed of two monosyllables. It is frequently used as an introductory variation in a line of iambic metre, such as:

      Green grow|the rush|es, Ó́˘́˘́

      (Robert Burns)

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • spondée — [ spɔ̃de ] n. m. • XIVe; lat. d o. gr. spondeus ♦ Didact. Pied de deux syllabes longues, dans la métrique gréco latine. Dactyles et spondées. ● spondée nom masculin (grec spondeios, de spondê, libation) Pied composé de deux syllabes longues.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • spondee — late 14c., metrical foot consisting of two long syllables, from O.Fr. spondee, from L. spondeus, from Gk. spondeios (pous), the name of the meter originally used in chants accompanying libations, from sponde solemn libation, related to spendein… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Spondee — Spon dee (sp[o^]n d[=e]), n. [L. spondeus, Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? a drink offering, libation, fr. ? to pour out, make a libation: cf. F. spond[ e]e. So called because at libations slow, solemn melodies were used, chiefly in this meter.] (Pros.) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spondée — SPONDÉE. s. m. Sorte de mesure dans les vers grecs & latins composée de deux syllabes longues. Le vers Hexametre est composé de dactyles & de spondées …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • spondee — ► NOUN Poetry ▪ a foot consisting of two long (or stressed) syllables. ORIGIN from Greek spondeios pous foot of a libation , from spond libation (being characteristic of music accompanying libations) …   English terms dictionary

  • spondee — [spän′dē] n. [ME sponde < L spondeum < spondeus, of a libation < Gr spondeios < spondē, solemn libation (such libations were accompanied by a solemn melody) < spendein, to present a libation: see SPONSOR] a metrical foot of two… …   English World dictionary

  • Spondee — In poetry, a spondee is a metrical foot consisting of two long syllables, as determined by syllable weight in classical meters, or two stressed syllables, as determined by stress in modern meters. This makes it somewhat unique in English verse as …   Wikipedia

  • Spondée — En poésie, le spondée (du latin spondeus) est un pied, c est à dire un élément métrique composé de deux syllabes longues. Emplois En poésie latine, le spondée est d usage fréquent. Il peut facilement remplacer un dactyle ou un anapeste. En effet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • spondee — noun Etymology: Middle English sponde, from Middle French or Latin; Middle French spondee, from Latin spondeum, from Greek spondeios, from spondeios of a libation, from spondē libation, from spendein to make a libation; from its use in music… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • spondee — /ˈspɒndi / (say spondee) noun Prosody a metrical foot consisting of two long syllables or two heavy beats. {Middle English, from Latin spondēus, from Greek spondeios} …   Australian English dictionary

  • spondee — n. Prosody a foot consisting of two long (or stressed) syllables. Etymology: ME f. OF spondee or L spondeus f. Gk spondeios (pous foot) f. sponde libation, as being characteristic of music accompanying libations …   Useful english dictionary

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