special

specially, adv.
/spesh"euhl/, adj.
1. of a distinct or particular kind or character: a special kind of key.
2. being a particular one; particular, individual, or certain: You'd better call the special number.
3. pertaining or peculiar to a particular person, thing, instance, etc.; distinctive; unique: the special features of a plan.
4. having a specific or particular function, purpose, etc.: a special messenger.
5. distinguished or different from what is ordinary or usual: a special occasion; to fix something special.
6. extraordinary; exceptional, as in amount or degree; especial: special importance.
7. being such in an exceptional degree; particularly valued: a special friend.
n.
8. a special person or thing.
9. a train used for a particular purpose, occasion, or the like.
10. a special edition of a newspaper.
11. Theat. a spotlight reserved for a particular area, property, actor, etc.: Give me the coffin special.
12. a temporary, arbitrary reduction in the price of regularly stocked goods, esp. food; a particularly worthwhile offer or price: The special this week is on sirloin steaks.
13. Television. a single program not forming part of a regular series.
[1175-1225; ME (adj.) < L specialis of a given species, equiv. to speci(es) SPECIES + -alis -AL1; see ESPECIAL]
Syn. 5. singular. SPECIAL, PARTICULAR, SPECIFIC refer to something pointed out for attention and consideration. SPECIAL means given unusual treatment because of being uncommon: a special sense of a word. PARTICULAR implies something selected from the others of its kind and set off from them for attention: a particular variety of orchid. SPECIFIC implies plain and unambiguous indication of a particular instance, example, etc.: a specific instance of cowardice.
Ant. 1. general.
Usage. In American English the adjective SPECIAL is overwhelmingly more common than ESPECIAL in all senses: He will be of special help if you can't understand the documentation. The reverse is true of the adverbs; here ESPECIALLY is by far the more common: He will be of great help, especially if you have trouble understanding the documentation. Only when the sense "specifically" is intended is SPECIALLY more idiomatic: The machine was specially designed for use by a left-handed operator.

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(as used in expressions)

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • spécial — spécial, iale, iaux [ spesjal, jo ] adj. • 1190; especiel v. 1130; lat. specialis « relatif à l espèce » 1 ♦ Qui concerne une espèce, une sorte de choses (opposé à général). Domaine spécial. ⇒ spécialité. Des connaissances spéciales. Dictionnaire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Special — Spe cial, a. [L. specialis, fr. species a particular sort, kind, or quality: cf. F. sp[ e]cial. See {Species}, and cf. {Especial}.] 1. Of or pertaining to a species; constituting a species or sort. [1913 Webster] A special is called by the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • special — [spesh′əl] adj. [ME < OFr especial < L specialis < species, kind, sort: see SPECIES] 1. of a kind different from others; distinctive, peculiar, or unique 2. exceptional; extraordinary [a special treat] 3. highly regarded or valued [a… …   English World dictionary

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