somatotype

/seuh mat"euh tuyp', soh"meuh teuh-/, n.
(of humans) physical type; physique.
[1935-40; SOMATO- + -TYPE]

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      human body shape and physique type. The term somatotype is used in the system of classification of human physical types developed by U.S. psychologist W.H. Sheldon. In Sheldon's (Sheldon, William) system, human beings can be classified as to body build in terms of three extreme body types: endomorphic (endomorph), or round, fat type; mesomorphic (mesomorph), or muscular type; and ectomorphic (ectomorph), or slim, linear type. A somatotype number of three digits is determined for an individual classified by the system, with the first digit referring to endomorphy, the second to mesomorphy, and the third to ectomorphy; each digit is on a scale of one to seven. Hence the extreme endomorph has the somatotype 711, the extreme mesomorph 171, and the extreme ectomorph 117. The classification numbers are negatively correlated, so that a high number in one class precludes high numbers in the others; in practice, extreme types (711, 171, 117) are rare or nonexistent, and the person of normal build has a somatotype approaching 444, evenly balanced between extremes. See also ectomorph; endomorph; mesomorph.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • somatotype — 1. The constitutional or body type of an individual. 2. The particular constitutional or body type associated with a particular personality type. * * * so·ma·to·type sō mət ə .tīp, sō mat ə n a body type or physique esp. in a system of classifi …   Medical dictionary

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  • somatotype — noun Date: 1940 body type ; physique …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • somatotype — noun a) body build b) a type of physique Syn: constitutional type See Also: physiognomy …   Wiktionary

  • somatotype — noun a category to which people are assigned according to their bodily physique (usually endomorphic, mesomorphic, or ectomorphic). Derivatives somatotyping noun Origin 1940s: coined by W. H. Sheldon in The Varieties of Human Physique …   English new terms dictionary

  • somatotype — so·ma·to·type …   English syllables

  • somatotype — n.; see body type …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • somatotype — so•mat•o•type [[t]səˈmæt əˌtaɪp[/t]] n. pan phl physique • Etymology: 1935–40 …   From formal English to slang

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