- n.1. a member of a Hamitic population showing an admixture of Arab, black, and other ancestry, and dwelling in Somalia and adjacent regions.2. the Cushitic language of the Somali.adj.3. of or pertaining to Somalia,its people, or their language.
* * *Any member of a large group of people occupying all of Somalia and parts of Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya.Their language is of the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family. Numbering more than seven million, the Somalis are divided into northern, central, and southern groups. All have been Muslim since at least the 14th century. They are primarily nomadic herdsmen who, because of intense competition for scarce resources, have been extremely individualistic and frequently involved in blood feuds or wars with neighbouring clans or peoples. A second category of Somalis are the townspeople and agriculturalists of the urban centres, especially along the coast of the Horn of Africa, many of whom act as commercial middlemen between the Arab world and the nomads of the interior.
* * *▪ peoplepeople of Africa occupying all of Somalia, a strip of Djibouti, the southern Ethiopian region of Ogaden, and part of northwestern Kenya. Except for the arid coastal area in the north, the Somalis occupy true nomad regions of plains, coarse grass, and streams. They speak a language of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic (formerly Hamito-Semitic) family.In the 14th century many Somalis, converted to Islam by Arabs from across the Red Sea, began their expansion southward from the arid steppes to their present borders, which overflow what was traditionally known as Somaliland. Although three great divisions of Somalis exist, roughly corresponding to the northern, central, and southern parts of the region, the Somalis demonstrate considerable cultural unity.The basis of Somali society is the rēr, or large, self-contained kinship group or clan, consisting of a number of families claiming common descent from a male ancestor. A Somali has obligations both to his rēr and to the loosely defined social unit of which his rēr is a part. Government of the rēr is markedly patriarchal, although the chief is chosen by a group of elders who counsel him.The Somalis are primarily nomadic herdsmen who, because of intense competition for scarce resources, have been extremely individualistic and frequently involved in blood feuds or wars with neighbouring tribes and peoples. Their conception of Islam is vague, and religious practices are dominated by the worship of ancestral saints.A second category of Somalis are the townspeople and agriculturists of the urban centres, especially along the coast of the Horn of Africa, where intense and prolonged intimacy with the Islamic tradition has rendered the culture highly organized and religiously orthodox and where geographic position has turned the townspeople into commercial middlemen between the Arab world and the nomadic peoples of the interior.
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somali — ● somali nom masculin Langue couchitique parlée en Somalie. (C est la langue officielle de la République de Somalie et la seule des langues couchitiques à avoir une expression écrite [en alphabet arabe].) Somali(s) population islamisée, nomade et … Encyclopédie Universelle
Somali — can refer to:* The Somali people, an ethnic group who inhabit the Horn of Africa (Somali Peninsula) * The Somali language * The Somali clan, social grouping of the Somali people * The Somali Region in Ethiopia * The cat breed Somali … Wikipedia
Somali — bezeichnet: ein Volk in Ostafrika, siehe Somali (Volk) deren Sprache, siehe Somali (Sprache) (unpräzise) einen Bewohner des Staates Somalia eine Verwaltungsregion in Äthiopien, siehe Somali (Region) und Ogaden ein Wüstengebiet in Ostafrika, siehe … Deutsch Wikipedia
somali — SOMALÍ s.f. Limbă afro asiatică oficială în Somalia. – Din fr. somali. Trimis de LauraGellner, 23.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98 somalí (limbă afro asiatică) s. f. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic SOMALÍ I. s. f. limbă afro… … Dicționar Român
Somali — [sō mä′lē, səmä′lē] n. [< ? ] 1. Somalis or Somali a member of a people of Somalia and neighboring regions 2. the Eastern Cushitic language of this people 3. Somalis or Somali any of a breed of domestic cat developed from the Abyssinian and… … English World dictionary
somalí — (plural somalíes o somalís somalíes o somalís) adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. De Somalia, país africano: una mujer somalí. Los somalíes viven normalmente en situación pecaria sustantivo masculino … Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española
somalí — 1. adj. Natural de Somalia. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a este país de África. 3. m. Lengua somalí … Diccionario de la lengua española
Somali — So*ma li (s[ o]*m[aum] l[ e]), Somal So*mal (s[ o]*m[aum]l ), n. 1. (Ethnol.) A Hamitic people of East Central Africa. [1913 Webster] 2. of or pertaining to Somalia or to the inhabitants of Somalia. [PJC] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Somali — Somali, so v.w. Somauli … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
somali — adj. 2 g. 1. Relativo ou pertencente à Somália (África). • s. 2 g. 2. Natural, habitante ou cidadão da Somália … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Somali — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Somali (homonymie). Somali af Soomaali / الصوماليه Parlée en … Wikipédia en Français